The Islamic scripture testifies that it has a mother from which it originates:
We have made it a Qur’an in Arabic, that ye may be able to understand (and learn wisdom). And verily, it is in the Mother of the Book, in Our Presence, high (in dignity), full of wisdom. S. 43:3-4 Yusuf Ali
The Quran argues that the only way Allah can have an offspring is if he were to take on a consort:
The Originator of the heavens and the earth! How can He have a child, when there is for Him no consort, when He created all things and is Aware of all things? S. 6:101 Pickthall
The implication here is that one must have a partner in order to procure a child. This means for the Quran to have a mother it must also have a father. Now since the Quran is supposed to be the eternal word of Allah this means that Allah is none other than the Quran’s father. Notice the logic behind this argument:
- The Quran has a mother.
- The Quran’s mother must have a consort in order to have offspring.
- The Quran is the word of Allah.
- Allah must, therefore, be the Quran’s father, and the consort of the mother of the book.
A Muslim may wish to challenge this claim by saying that term “mother of the book,” is a metaphorical expression referring to the heavenly exemplar from which the Quran originates. In other words, the phrase refers to the Quran’s source, not to an actual conscious mother. This understanding is reflected in the following translations and commentaries:
And Lo! in the Source of Decrees, which We possess, it is indeed sublime, decisive. S. 43:4 Pickthall
It is truly exalted in the Source of Scripture kept with Us, and full of wisdom. Abdel Haleem
And, verily, [originating as it does] in the source, with Us, of all revelation, it is indeed sublime, full of wisdom. Muhammad Asad
And it is indeed fixed in the Mother Book the source of all the scriptures namely the Preserved Tablet which is with Us ladaynā substitutes for fī ummi’l-kitābi ‘in the Mother Book’ and it is indeed exalted above all the scriptures that came before it wise containing excellent wisdoms. (Tafsir al-Jalalayn https://www.altafsir.com/Tafasir.asp?tMadhNo=0&tTafsirNo=74&tSoraNo=43&tAyahNo=4&tDisplay=yes&UserProfile=0&LanguageId=2; bold and underline emphasis ours)
However, this argument doesn’t solve the dilemma for the Muslims since it actually proves that Allah is the Quran’s father. After all, if the heavenly exemplar is the Quran’s mother because it happens to be the source from which the Quran originates, then this means that Allah is its father because Allah is the source of the Quran seeing that it is supposed to be his eternal word from whom it originates. Again, note the logic behind this reasoning:
- The heavenly exemplar is the mother of the Quran because it is the source of the Quran from which it originates.
- The Quran is the eternal word of Allah, which makes Allah the source of the Quran since, as his word, it originates from him.
- Therefore, as the source from whom the Quran originates Allah must be its father.
There is simply no logical way of getting around this argument, and Muslims are therefore stuck with the fact that the Quran is the son of Allah.
Now What About Jesus?
Interestingly, the same logic used to prove that the Quran is the offspring of Allah can also be applied to Jesus Christ. Pay close attention to the following verses:
She said: My Lord! How can I have a child when no mortal hath touched me? He said: So (it will be). Allah createth what He will. If He decreeth a thing, He saith unto it only: Be! and it is. S. 3:47 Pickthall
She said: “How shall I have a son, seeing that no man has touched me, and I am not unchaste?” He said: “So (it will be): Thy Lord saith, ‘that is easy for Me: and (We wish) to appoint him as a Sign unto men and a Mercy from Us’: It is a matter (so) decreed.” S. 19:20-21 Yusuf Ali
Ironically, Mary responds in a similar manner that the Quran does in Q. 6:101 with respect to Allah having a son. And yet by Allah being the direct cause of Mary’s conception, causing her to conceive the human nature and physical body of Christ while she was still a virgin, by breathing his spirit into her body,
And mention in the Book Mary when she withdrew from her people to an eastern place, and she took a veil apart from them; then We sent unto her Our Spirit that presented himself to her a man without fault. She said, ‘I take refuge in the All-merciful from thee! If thou fearest God … He said, ‘I am but a messenger come from thy Lord, to give thee a boy most pure. S. 19:16-19 Arberry
And Mary, daughter of Imran, who guarded her private parts, and we breathed therein of our spirit and she verified the words of her Lord and His books, and was of the devout. S. 66:12 Palmer
Allah basically becomes the father of her child, and Jesus is, therefore, his Son.
Hence, not only does this prove that Mary is the consort of Allah, but it also proves that Allah doesn’t need to have sex with a woman to have an offspring. He can cause a woman to get pregnant with his offspring without having sex with her.
Note, once again, the logic of this argument:
- Mary conceived and gave birth to a son.
- Mary could not have conceived a child without a consort.
- Allah is responsible for Mary’s conception since he directly caused her to conceive a son by breathing his spirit into her.
- Allah is, therefore, Mary’s consort and the father of Christ.
This is further confirmed by the fact of the Quran identifying Jesus as the very Word of Allah:
O People of the Book! Go not beyond the limits in your way of life and say not about God but The Truth: That the Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, was a Messenger of God and His Word that He cast to Mary and a Spirit from Him. So believe in God and His Messengers. And say not: Three. To refrain yourselves from it is better for you. There is only One God. Glory be to Him that He have a son! To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in and on the earth and God sufficed as a Trustee. S. 4:171 Dr. Laleh Bakhtiar(1)
Here’s another rendering:
People of the Book! do not go to excess in your deen. Say nothing but the truth about Allah. The Messiah, ´Isa son of Maryam, was only the Messenger of Allah and His Word, which He cast into Maryam, and a Spirit from Him. So have iman in Allah and His Messengers. Do not say, ´Three.´ It is better that you stop. Allah is only One God. He is too Glorious to have a son! Everything in the heavens and in the earth belongs to Him. Allah suffices as a Guardian. Aisha Bewley(1)
We once again break down the logical implication of the Quran’s statements:
- Jesus is the Word of Allah.
- As such, Allah is the Source of his Word.
- Being the Source, this makes Allah the Father of his Word.
- Since Jesus is Allah’s Word, Allah is, therefore, the Father of Christ.
Muslims you now have a problem since according to the logic employed by your prophet, both the Quran and Jesus are the S/sons of Allah!
The Quran’s Use of Filial Terms (https://answeringislam.net/Shamoun/filial_terms.htm)
(1) It is ironic that this very text denies that God has a son in the very same context of affirming that Jesus is God’s very own Word whom he then cast down as a Spirit proceeding from him into Mary in order to become flesh. Thus, contrary to this passages’ assertion, how can Jesus not be Allah’s Son seeing that he is Allah’s very own Word that originates from Allah, thereby making Allah his Source, and therefore his Father?