In the following article, Ahad: Monotheism vs. Eloquence of the Quran, I demonstrated that the phrase found in Q. 112:1 qul huwa Allah ahadun literally translates as “Say he is Allah, one of.”

In this post I will share some of the verses proving that the word ahad does not mean one, but really means “one of”.

Unless indicated otherwise, quranic references will be taken from Arthur J. Arberry’s English version, titled “Koran Interpreted”.

and they follow what the Satans recited over Solomon’s kingdom. Solomon disbelieved not, but the Satans disbelieved, teaching the people sorcery, and that which was sent down upon Babylon’s two angels, Harut and Marut; they taught not any man (ahadin), without they said, ‘We are but a temptation; do not disbelieve.’ From them they learned how they might divide a man and his wife, yet they did not hurt any man (ahadin) thereby, save by the leave of God, and they learned what hurt them, and did not profit them, knowing well that whoso buys it shall have no share in the world to come; evil then was that they sold themselves for, if they had but known. S. 2:102

When you were going up, not twisting about for anyone (ahadin), and the Messenger was calling you in your rear; so He rewarded you with grief on grief that you might not sorrow for what escaped you neither for what smote you; and God is aware of the things you do. S. 3:153

excepting those of the idolaters with whom you made covenant, then they failed. you naught neither lent support to any man (ahadan) against you. With them fulfil your covenant till their term; surely God loves the godfearing. S. 9:4

And whenever a sura is sent down, they look one at another: ‘Does anyone (ahadin) see you?’ Then they turn away. God has turned away their hearts, for that they are a people who do not understand. S. 9:127

So set forth, thou with thy family, in a watch of the night, and follow after the backs of them, and let not any one of (ahadun) you turn round; and depart unto the place you are commanded. S. 15:65

Such (being their state), we raised them up (from sleep), that they might question each other. Said one of them, “How long have ye stayed (here)?” They said, “We have stayed (perhaps) a day, or part of a day.” (At length) they (all) said, “God (alone) knows best how long ye have stayed here…. Now send ye then one of you (ahadakum)with this money of yours to the town: let him find out which is the best food (to be had) and bring some to you, that (ye may) satisfy your hunger therewith: And let him behave with care and courtesy, and let him not inform any one (ahadin) about you. S. 18:19 Y. Ali

Say: “God knows best how long they stayed: with Him is (the knowledge of) the secrets of the heavens and the earth: how clearly He sees, how finely He hears (everything)! They have no protector other than Him; nor does He share His Command with any person (ahadan) whatsoever. S. 18:26 Y. Ali

But lo, He is God, my Lord, and I will not associate with my Lord any one (ahadan). S. 18:38

And his fruit was all encompassed, and in the morning he was wringing his hands for that he had expended upon it, and it was fallen down upon its trellises, and he was saying, ‘Would I had not associated with my Lord any one (ahadan)!‘ S. 18:42

And on the day We shall set the mountains in motion, and thou seest the earth coming forth, and We muster them so that We leave not so much as one of (ahadan) them behind; S. 18:47

And the Book shall be set in place; and thou wilt see the sinners fearful at what is in it, and saying, ‘Alas for us! How is it with this Book, that it leaves nothing behind, small or great, but it has numbered it?’ And they shall find all they wrought present, and thy Lord shall not wrong anyone (ahadan). S. 18:49

Say: ‘I am only a mortal the like of you; it is revealed to me that your God is One God. So let him, who hopes for the encounter with his Lord, work righteousness, and not associate with his Lord’s service anyone (ahadun). S. 18:110

Eat therefore, and drink, and be comforted; and if thou shouldst see any mortal, say, “I have vowed to the All-merciful a fast, and today I will not speak to any man (ahadan).” S. 19:26

And how many a generation We destroyed before them! Dost thou perceive so much as one of (ahadin) them, or hear of them a whisper? S. 19:98

O believers, follow not the steps of Satan; for whosoever follows the steps of Satan, assuredly he bids to indecency and dishonour. But for God’s bounty to you and His mercy not one of (ahadin) you would have been pure ever; but God purifies whom He will; and God is All-hearing, All-knowing. S. 24:21

And if you find not anyone (ahadan) therein, enter it not until leave is given to you. And if you are told, ‘Return,’ return; that is purer for you; and God knows the things you do. S. 24:28

who were delivering the Messages of God, and were fearing Him, and fearing not any one (ahadan) except Him; and God suffices as a reckoner. S. 33:39

Hast thou not regarded the hypocrites, saying to their brothers of the People of the Book who disbelieve, ‘If you are expelled, we will go forth with you, and we will never obey anyone (ahadan) in regard to you. If you are fought against, we will help you.’ And God bears witness that they are truly liars. S. 59:11

and not one of (ahadin) you could have defended him. S. 69:47

guiding to rectitude. We believe in it, and we will not associate with our Lord anyone (ahadan). S. 72:2

and they thought, even as you also thought, that God would never raise up anyone (ahadan). S. 72:7

The places of worship belong to God; so call not, along with God, upon anyone (ahadan)… Say: ‘I call only upon my Lord, and I do not associate with Him anyone (ahadan)… Say: ‘From God shall protect me not anyone (ahadan), and I shall find, apart from Him, no refuge… Knower He of the Unseen, and He discloses not His Unseen to anyone (ahadan), S. 72: 18, 20, 22, 26

But on that day shall no one (ahadun) chastise with (anything like) His chastisement, And no one (ahadun) shall bind with (anything like) His binding. S. 89:25-26 Shakir

Does he think that no one (ahadun) has power over him?… Does he think that no one (ahadun) sees him? S. 90:5, 7 Sher Ali


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