BIBLICAL TEXTS CALLING JESUS “GOD”

In this post I will be sharing the verses, which the consensus of biblical scholars believes expressly call Jesus God. One such authority is noted evangelical biblical exegete Murray J. Harris. His book on this subject, Jesus as God: The New Testament Use of Theos in Reference to Jesus, has become the standard reference work that is employed by scholars in the field, and which is even used in Bible colleges and seminaries.

Harris believes that there are seven New Testament texts where Jesus is called God (Theos). They are: John 1:1, 18; 20:28; Romans 9:5; Titus 2:13; 2 Peter 1:1; Hebrews 1:8.  

I will cite several reputable and popular English translations in order to allow the readers to see that there is a broad consensus even among major Bible versions that these texts address Jesus as God.

OLD TESTAMENT

Isaiah 9:6

“For a child will be born for us, a son will be given to us, and the government will be on his shoulders. He will be named Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God (El Gibbor), Eternal Father, Prince of Peace.” Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

“For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” English Standard Version (ESV)

“For a Child will be born to us, a Son will be given to us; And the government will rest on His shoulders; And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace.” New American Standard Bible (NASB)

“For a child has been born to us, a son has been given to us. He shoulders responsibility and is called Wonderful Adviser, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” New English Translation (NET)

“For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” New International Version (NIV)

“For unto us a Child is born, Unto us a Son is given; And the government will be upon His shoulder. And His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” New King James Version (NKJV)

For a child has been born for us, a son given to us; authority rests upon his shoulders, and he is named Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” New Revised Standard Version Updated Edition (NRSVUE)

NEW TESTAMENT

John 1:1

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God (Theos).” CSB

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” ESV

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” NASB

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was fully God.” NET

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” NIV

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” NKJV

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” NRSVUE

John 1:18

“No one has ever seen God. The one and only Son, who is himself God (monogenes Theos) and is at the Father’s side—he has revealed him.” CSB

“No one has ever seen God; the only God, who is at the Father’s side, he has made him known.” ESV

“No one has seen God at any time; God the only Son, who is in the arms of the Father, He has explained Him.” NASB

“No one has ever seen God. The only one, himself God, who is in closest fellowship with the Father, has made God known.” NET

“No one has ever seen God, but the one and only Son, who is himself God and is in closest relationship with the Father, has made him known.” NIV

“No one has ever seen God. It is the only Son, himself God, who is close to the Father’s heart, who has made him known.” NRSVUE

John 20:28

“Thomas responded to him, “My Lord and my God (ho Theos mou)!’” CSB

“Thomas answered him, ‘My Lord and my God!’” ESV

“Thomas answered and said to Him, ‘My Lord and my God!’” NASB

“Thomas replied to him, ‘My Lord and my God!’” NET

“Thomas said to him, ‘My Lord and my God!’” NIV

“And Thomas answered and said to Him, ‘My Lord and my God!’” NKJV

“Thomas answered him, ‘My Lord and my God!’” NRSVUE

Romans 9:5

“The ancestors are theirs, and from them, by physical descent, came the Christ, who is God (Theos) over all, praised forever. Amen.” CSB

“To them belong the patriarchs, and from their race, according to the flesh, is the Christ, who is God over all, blessed forever. Amen.” ESV

“whose are the fathers, and from whom is the Christ according to the flesh, who is over all, God blessed forever. Amen.” NASB

“To them belong the patriarchs, and from them, by human descent, came the Christ, who is God over all, blessed forever! Amen.” NET

“Theirs are the patriarchs, and from them is traced the human ancestry of the Messiah, who is God over all, forever praised! Amen.” NIV

“of whom are the fathers and from whom, according to the flesh, Christ came, who is over all, the eternally blessed God. Amen.” NKJV

“to them belong the patriarchs, and from them, according to the flesh, comes the Christ, who is over all, God blessed forever. Amen.” NRSVUE

Titus 2:13

“while we wait for the blessed hope, the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ (tou megalou Theou kai Soteros hemon ‘Iesou Christou).” CSB

“waiting for our blessed hope, the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ,” ESV

“looking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus,” NASB

“as we wait for the happy fulfillment of our hope in the glorious appearing of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ.” NET

“while we wait for the blessed hope—the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ,” NIV

“looking for the blessed hope and glorious appearing of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ,” NKJV

“while we wait for the blessed hope and the manifestation of the glory of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ.” NRSVUE

2 Peter 1:1

“Simeon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ: To those who have received a faith equal to ours through the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ (tou Theou hemon kai Soteros ‘Iesou Christou).” CSB

“Simeon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who have obtained a faith of equal standing with ours by the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ:” ESV

“Simon Peter, a bond-servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who have received a faith of the same kind as ours, by the righteousness of our God and Savior, Jesus Christ:” NASB

“From Simeon Peter, a slave and apostle of Jesus Christ, to those who through the righteousness of our God and Savior, Jesus Christ, have been granted a faith just as precious as ours.” NET

“Simon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who through the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ have received a faith as precious as ours:” NIV

“Simon Peter, a bondservant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who have obtained like precious faith with us by the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ:” NKJV

“Simeon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who have received a faith as equally honorable as ours through the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ:” NRSVUE

Hebrews 1:8

“but to the Son: Your throne, God (ho Theos), is forever and ever, and the scepter of your kingdom is a scepter of justice.” CSB

“But of the Son he says, ‘Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, the scepter of uprightness is the scepter of your kingdom.’” ESV

“But regarding the Son He says, ‘Your throne, God, is forever and ever, And the scepter of righteousness is the scepter of His kingdom.’” NASB

“but of the Son he says, ‘Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, and a righteous scepter is the scepter of your kingdom.’” NET

“But about the Son he says, ‘Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever; a scepter of justice will be the scepter of your kingdom.’” NIV

“But to the Son He says: ‘Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom.’” NKJV

“But of the Son he says, ‘Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, and the scepter of righteousness is the scepter of your kingdom.’” NRSVUE

Honorable Mentions

Here are a few more verses where the contextual evidence strongly points to these being additional references to Jesus as God, but which not all scholars concur.

Matthew 1:22-23

“Now all this took place to fulfill what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet: See, the virgin will become pregnant and give birth to a son, and they will name him Immanuel, which is translated ‘God (ho Theos) is with us.’” CSB

“All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had spoken by the prophet: ‘Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and they shall call his name Immanuel’ (which means, God with us).” ESV

“Now all this took place so that what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet would be fulfilled: ‘Behold, the virgin will conceive and give birth to a Son, and they shall name Him Immanuel,’ which translated means, ‘God with us.’” NASB

“This all happened so that what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet would be fulfilled: ‘Look! The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and they will name him Emmanuel,’ which means ‘God with us.’” NET

“All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet: ‘The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel’ (which means ‘God with us’).” NIV

“All this took place to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord through the prophet: ‘Look, the virgin shall become pregnant and give birth to a son, and they shall name him Emmanuel,’ which means, ‘God is with us.’” NRSVUE

“So all this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying: ‘Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel,’ which is translated, ‘God with us.’” NKJV

Luke 8:39

“‘Go back to your home, and tell all that God (ho Theos) has done for you.’ And off he went, proclaiming throughout the town how much Jesus (ho ‘Iesous) had done for him.” CSB

“‘Return to your home, and declare how much God (ho Theos) has done for you.’ And he went away, proclaiming throughout the whole city how much Jesus had done for him.” ESV

“‘Return to your home and describe what great things God has done for you.’ So he went away, proclaiming throughout the city what great things Jesus had done for him.” NASB

“‘Return to your home, and declare what God has done for you.’ So he went away, proclaiming throughout the whole town what Jesus had done for him.” NET

“‘Return home and tell how much God has done for you.’ So the man went away and told all over town how much Jesus had done for him.” NIV

“‘Return to your own house, and tell what great things God has done for you.’ And he went his way and proclaimed throughout the whole city what great things Jesus had done for him.” NKJV

“‘Return to your home, and declare how much God has done for you.’ So he went away, proclaiming throughout the city how much Jesus had done for him.” NRSVUE

Acts 20:28

“Be on guard for yourselves and for all the flock of which the Holy Spirit has appointed you as overseers, to shepherd the church of God (tou Theou), which he purchased with his own blood.” CSB

“Pay careful attention to yourselves and to all the flock, in which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, to care for the church of God, which he obtained with his own blood.” ESV

“Be on guard for yourselves and for all the flock, among which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, to shepherd the church of God which He purchased with His own blood.” NASB

“Keep watch over yourselves and all the flock of which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers. Be shepherds of the church of God, which he bought with his own blood.” NIV

“Therefore take heed to yourselves and to all the flock, among which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, to shepherd the church of God which He purchased with His own blood.” NKJV

1 John 5:20

“And we know that the Son of God has come and has given us understanding so that we may know the true one. We are in the true one—that is, in his Son, Jesus Christ. He is the true God (ho alethinos Theos) and eternal life.” CSB

“And we know that the Son of God has come and has given us understanding, so that we may know him who is true; and we are in him who is true, in his Son Jesus Christ. He is the true God and eternal life.” ESV

“And we know that the Son of God has come, and has given us understanding so that we may know Him who is true; and we are in Him who is true, in His Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God and eternal life.” NASB

“And we know that the Son of God has come and has given us insight to know him who is true, and we are in him who is true, in his Son Jesus Christ. This one is the true God and eternal life.” NET

“We know also that the Son of God has come and has given us understanding, so that we may know him who is true. And we are in him who is true by being in his Son Jesus Christ. He is the true God and eternal life.” NIV

“And we know that the Son of God has come and has given us an understanding, that we may know Him who is true; and we are in Him who is true, in His Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God and eternal life.” NKJV

“And we know that the Son of God has come and has given us understanding so that we may know him who is true; and we are in him who is true, in his Son Jesus Christ. He is the true God and eternal life.” NRSVUE

FURTHER READING

Biblical Verses That Call Jesus God

GRANVILLE SHARP AND THE DEITY OF CHRIST

JESUS CHRIST: TRUE GOD FROM TRUE GOD

REVISITED: JESUS THE TRUE GOD AND ETERNAL LIFE

THE NT USE OF THEOS SOTER AND THE DEITY OF CHRIST

The Bible on the Only True God Pt. 1

Thomas’ Confession of FaithRound TwoRound Three

Acts 20:28: The Blood of God

The Blood of God

Jesus: The God That Came to Purchase His Church

Jesus who is over all, God blessed forever! (Romans 9:5) [Part 1], [Part 2]

Why did Jesus never say, “I am God, and there is none else”?

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