BIBLICAL OUTLINE OF THE TRINITY

In this post I will highlight the biblical texts that point to the one true God eternally existing as Father, Son and Holy Spirit.

1. THE ONE TRUE GOD

OT: Deut. 4:35, 39; 6:4; 32:39; 1 Kgs. 8:60; 2 Chron. 15:3; Pss. 86:10; 100:3; Isa. 37:16, 20; 43:10-11; 44:6-8; 45:5-6, 21-22; 46:9; Jer. 10:10-11; 2:11; Mal. 2:10

NT: Mk. 12:29, 32; Jn. 5:44; Rom. 3:30; 16:27; 1 Tim. 1:17; James 2:19   

THE FATHER DESCRIBED AS GOD

Jn. 5:43-44; 17:3; 1 Cor. 8:6; 2 Cor. 1:3; Eph. 1:3, 17; 4:6; 1 Thss. 1:9; 1 Tim. 2:5; Heb. 1:1; 2 Pt. 1:17

THE SON DESCRIBED AS GOD

Isa. 9:6 (Cf. 10:20-21; Mt. 4:15-16); Mt. 1:22-23 (Cf. Isa. 7:14); Lk. 8:39 (Cf. Ps. 66:16); Jn. 1:1; 20:28; Acts 20:28; Rom. 9:5; 1 Tim. 1:12-17; Tit. 2:13; Heb. 1:8; 2 Pt. 1:1; 1 Jn. 5:20; Rev. 21:7

THE HOLY SPIRIT DESCRIBED AS GOD

2 Sam. 23:2-3; Acts 5:3-4

2. THE ETERNAL CREATOR AND SUSTAINER/LIFE-GIVER

YHWH

Gen. 1:1; 2:1, 4-7, 19-24; 14:19, 22; Deut. 32:6-9, 15, 18; Exod. 20:8-11; 31:12-17; Neh. 9:6; Job 9:8; 10:8-12; 35:10; Pss. 24:1-2; 36:9; 95:3-6; 102:25-27; Isa. 40:28; 41:4; 42:5; 43:6-7, 20-21; 44:24; 45:12, 18; 48:13; 64:8; Jer. 10:12; 51:15

THE FATHER

Jn. 5:21, 26; 10:29; Acts 17:24-31; Eph. 3:9; Heb. 1:2; 3:4; 11:3; 1 Tim. 6:13; Rev. 4:11

THE SON

Jn. 1:3-4, 10; 5:21, 25-26, 28-29; 6:39-44, 53-54, 57; 10:28; 11:25-26; 14:6; Acts 3:15; 1 Cor. 8:6; 15:45; Col. 1:15-17; 3:4; Heb. 1:2-3, 10-12; 3:3-4; Rev. 3:14

THE HOLY SPIRIT

Gen. 1:2; Job 33:4; Ps. 104:30; Mt. 1:18, 20; Lk. 1:34-35; Jn. 6:63; Rom. 8:9-13; 2 Cor. 3:6

3. GOD’S ESSENTIAL OMNI-ATTRIBUTES

The Bible attests that God is omniscient, omnipresent and omnipotent by nature. These are called the omni-attributes of God.

YHWH

Gen. 17:1; 18:14; 1 Kgs. 8:39; 1 Chron. 28:9; Pss. 44:21; 121:3-4; 139:1-16; 147:4-5; Isa. 40:17, 26; 41:21-24; 44:25-28; 45:1-7; 55:10-11; 62:6-7; 65:24; Jer. 23:23-24; 32:17-18, 27; Dan. 2:37-38; 4:24-26, 31-32, 34-37; Amos 9:2-4

THE FATHER

Mt. 6:6, 8, 18; 19:26; Mk. 14:36; 1 Jn. 3:20; Rev. 4:8, 11  

THE SON

Mk. 2:8; 7:24-30; Mt. 8:5-13; 16:27; 18:20; 28:18-20; Jn. 1:45-49; 2:24-25; 4:43-54; 14:13-14, 20-21, 23; 16:29-31; 21:17 2 Cor. 13:5; Eph. 1:20-23; 3:18-19; 4:7-10; Phil. 3:21; Col. 1:27; 2:2-3; 3:11; Rev. 1:8, 17-18; 2:1, 18-23; 3:1; 5:6; 17:14; 22:12-13  

THE HOLY SPIRIT

Gen. 6:3, 17; 7:15, 22; Num. 11:16-17, 24-29; Pss. 104:30; 139:7-12; Isa. 11:1-2; 30:1; 32:14-15; 34:16; 40:13-14; 44:1-3; 59:21; 63:10-11, 14; Ezek. 36:25-27; 37:12-14; 39:29; Mt. 10:19-20; Mk. 13:11; Jn. 7:38-39; 14:16-17, 26; Acts 2:1-4, 27-28, 33; Rom. 8:9-17, 26-27; 1 Cor. 2:10-12; 3:16; 6:19; 2 Cor. 5:5; Gal. 4:6; Eph. 1:13-14, 17-18; 2:22; 4:30; 1 Tim. 4:1; 2 Tim. 1:14

4. RESURRECTING JESUS AND MANKIND

The inspired Scriptures assign the resurrection of Christ and of humanity at the end of the age to all three divine Persons of God.

THE FATHER

Acts 2:22-24; 3:15; 13:32-35; 17:30-31; 1 Cor. 6:14; 2 Cor. 4:14; Gal. 1:1

THE SON

Jn. 2:19-22; 5:25, 28-29; 6:39-40, 44, 54; 10:17-18, 28; 1 Thss. 4:13-18; Phil. 3:21

THE HOLY SPIRIT

Rom. 8:11-13; 1 Pet. 3:18

5. SAVIOR

By Savior I mean God is the one who forgives, delivers and transforms individuals. And I include within this term the role of intercession and mediation, since these functions procure a believer’s righteous standing before God.

YHWH

Isa. 43:10-11, 25; 44:6; 45:21-22; 63:8-9; Hos. 13:4

THE FATHER

Mt. 19:26-27; 1 Tim. 2:3-4; 4:10; Tit. 1:3; 2:11; 3:4

THE SON

Mt. 1:21; 26:26-28; Mark 10:45; Jn. 3:17; 4:42; 12:47; Acts 3:26; 5:31; 13:23; Rom. 3:25; 8:3, 32-34; Eph. 1:7; 5:23; 2 Timothy 1:10; Tit. 1:4; 2:13; 3:6; Heb. 2:9-18; 4:14-16; 7:23-26; 9:14, 23-28; 1 Jn. 1:7; 2:1-2; 4:10, 14; Rev. 1:6; 5:9-10; 7:9-17

THE HOLY SPIRIT

Jn. 3:3-5; 6:63; 14:16-17, 26; 16:7-13; Rom. 8:26-27; 2 Cor. 3:6, 17-18; Heb. 9:14; 10:15-17

6. SANCTIFIER

Though sanctifying, or the act of making one holy and separate from sin, would naturally fall under the category of salvation I , nonetheless, distinguish it here for the purpose of highlighting how all three divine Persons are involved in this act of making individuals holy.

THE FATHER

1 Thss. 5:23

THE SON

1 Cor. 6:11; Eph. 5:25-26; Heb. 2:11; 10:10, 14; 13:12

THE HOLY SPIRIT

1 Cor. 6:11; 2 Thss. 2:13; 1Pt. 1:2

7. SOURCE OF ALL SPIRITUAL GIFTS/BLESSINGS

THE FATHER

Mt. 7:11; Lk. 11:13; 1 Cor. 1:3; 12:6; 2 Cor. 13:14; Rev. 1:4

THE SON

Jn. 15:1-8; 1 Cor. 1:3; 12:5; 2 Cor. 8:9; Eph. 3:8; 4:11-16; Phil. 1:11; 2 Jn. 1:3; Rev. 1:5-6; 22:21

THE HOLY SPIRIT

1 Cor. 12:4, 7-11; 2 Cor. 13:14; Gal. 5:16-26; Rev. 1:4

8. THE FATHER, SON AND HOLY SPIRIT ARE NOT THE SAME SELF BUT ARE PERSONALLY DISTINCT

Gen. 1:1-2; Isa. 11:1-2; 42:1; 48:16; 61:1-2; Mt. 3:16-17; 12:28-32; 10:19-20; 12:17-18; 28:19; Mark 1:1, 7-8; 3:22-30; Lk. 1:35; 4:1, 14, 18; Jn. 1:32-34; 5:18-37; 8:16-19; 14:16-17, 26; 15:26; 16:14-15; 20:21-22; Acts 1:5-8; 2:1-4, 17-18, 30-38; Rom. 8:11-17, 26-27, 32-34; 1 Cor. 6:11; 12:3-14; 2 Cor. 13:14; Gal. 4:4-6; Eph. 2:18-22; 4:4-11; 1 Pet. 1:2; Jude 1:20-21

9. ALL THREE PERSONS IDENTIFIED AS YHWH

THE FATHER

Pss. 2:7; 110:1 (Cf. Acts 13:32-33; Heb. 1:5, 13); Isa. 42:1-4 (Cf. Mt. 12:17-21); 53:8, 10 (Cf. Lk. 22:37; Acts 8:30-35; 1 Pt. 2:21-25); Isa. 63:16; 64:8

THE SON

Mt. 3:1-3, 11-15; Mk. 1:1-3; Lk. 3:1-6, 15-17; Jn. 1:23, 29-36 (Cf. Isa. 40:3-5); Mt. 1:21 (Cf. Ps. 130:7-8); Jn. 12:40-41 (Cf. Isa. 6:1-10); Rom. 10:9-13 (Cf. Joel 2:32); Heb. 1:10-12 (Cf. Ps. 102:25-27); 1 Pt. 2:3 (Cf. Ps. 34:8); 3:14-15 (Cf. Isa. 8:12-13); Jude 1:4-5, 14-15

THE HOLY SPIRIT

Acts 28:25-27 (Cf. Isa. 6:1-10); 2 Corinthians 3:12-18 (Cf. Exod. 34:1-7, 29-34); Heb. 3:7-11 (Cf. Ps. 95:7-11); 10:15-17 (Cf. 8:8-12; Jer. 31:33-34)

FURTHER READING

The Biblical Basis of the Doctrine of the Trinity Pt. 1

New Testament Outline to the Deity of Christ

One thought on “BIBLICAL OUTLINE OF THE TRINITY

  1. Great post brother! Really helps having them at one place. You are a blessing brother. God bless you and increase in you for His glory.

    Like

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