Author: answeringislamblog

A Critique of Shabir Ally’s Debate Tactics Pt. 2b

We proceed from where we left off https://answeringislamblog.wordpress.com/2017/08/11/a-critique-of-shabir-allys-debate-tactics-pt-2a/. 

Islam’s Counterfeit Trinity

Here we are going to highlight the fact that, contrary to the assertions made by Ally, Islam is not a strict monotheistic faith, at least not a strictly Unitarian one. Rather, the Islamic sources confirm that there is a host of divine entities that exist, with some of these being in subjection or subordinate to certain others. This, in turn, places Ally in the very same dilemma that he claims that the Christian is in for believing that Jesus Christ is the eternal Logos/Word of God who became flesh.

Islam’s Other Ilah: The Qur’an is the Uncreated Speech of Allah

Islam expects its adherents to affirm that the attributes of Allah, such as his speech, are neither him nor other than him, meaning that a Muslim cannot say that Allah’s characteristics are separate from him. Nor can they deny that these attributes are other than Allah himself since they are the very things that make up the essence and identity of the Islamic god. This means that, since the Quran is the speech of Allah, neither Ally nor any other Muslim can dare say that the Quran is something that is not Allah; even though they are also expressly forbidden from saying it is Allah.

Islamic orthodoxy further teaches that anyone who asserts that the Quran is created, or that one’s recitation of the Quran is created, has placed himself/herself outside the fold of true Islam.

The Qur’an is the speech of Allah, revealed, not created, regardless of how it is recited, written, and any way or anywhere it is recited. What is written from the Qur’an is just that, i.e., Quran, what is read from the Qur’an is just that, i.e., Quran, what is recited from the Qur’an is just that, i.e., Quran. The Speech of Allah is qadim, not created, regardless of the way and the form in which the Qur’an is presented. It is the Speech of Allah, not created, or new, or made, or a physical entity, or a physical reality, or a material entity. Rather, it is an attribute from the attributes of Allah’s essence. It is not similar to any created thing.

The Attribute of Speech

Allah is able, and will always be able to speak. (It is not permissible to separate between the two [i.e. Allah and His Speech] in a way that negates His Attributes)12. Sometimes, it is heard directly from Allah, glorified be He, sometimes from the one who hears it directly from Allah [such as Angel Jibril]. Whoever hears it directly from Allah hears it directly, without any mediator or translator, such as our Prophet Muhammad, when Allah spoke to him directly on the night of al-Miraj. Allah also spoke to Musa when he was on Mount Tur. Similarly, whoever Allah decides to speak to from among His angels, hears His speech from Him directly. Whoever is not among the categories mentioned, they hear Allah’s qadim13 speech in truth from whoever is reciting it for them [from Allah]14. Allah’s Speech consists of intelligible letters and a voice that is heard.15

12 I could not find out precisely what the Imam meant here, but perhaps he meant that Allah’s Attribute of Speech is always present in Him, because He has been speaking SINCE ETERNITY, whenever He wills, and in any way He wills. Allah also initiates speech whenever He wills, as Allah said, Comes not unto them an admonition (a chapter of the Qur’an) from their Lord as a recent revelation but they listen to it while they play. [21:2] Ibn Kathir said, “‘Recent’, or, ‘New’, meaning, new in regards to its revelation.” Refer to, Tafsir al-Qur’an al-‘Adhim, 3/231, published by, Mu’assasat ar-Rayyan.

13[T .N] This statement from the Imam has a different meaning to it, while scholars such as, Ibn Taimiyyah have clarified what, qadim, means when used in reference to Allah’s Speech. The author used this term in its literal form, and Allah knows best, to mean that, qadim, is that which was spoken previously. Qadim literally means, old, before, olden, previously etc.

14 [T .N] Meaning, just as Prophet Muhammad was given the Revelation. Allah spoke the Qur’an to Angel Jibril, who spoke it to Prophet Muhammad. In reality, as the Imam here says, Allah’s Messenger heard it in a qadim manner, meaning that Allah already spoke before the Prophet Muhammad heard it. (Kitab al-I’tiqad (The Book of Creed), by Imam Abu al-Husain Muhammad bin al-Qadhi Abu Ya’la al-Hanbali, verification of the text and commentary by Shaikh Muhammad bin ‘Abd ar-Rahman al-Khumaiyis (Associate Professor at Muhammad bin Sa’ud University), translated by Amr bin Jalal Abualrub [Madinah Publishers and Distributors, First edition: 2012], pp. 17-18; capital and underline emphasis ours)

A brief summation of Sunni Islam’s view of the Quran

With the foregoing in view, a summary of what Sunni theology in genera teaches about this issue will prove helpful in assessing Shabir Ally’s arguments and fidelity (or lack thereof) to what Islam has taught historically, or at least to the belief of the proto-orthodox wing of Islam, which eventually became the predominate, mainstream position.

  1. The Quran is the word(s) of Allah, which proceeds from him. As such, it is Allah’s speech.
  2. Speech is one of Allah’s essential attributes.
  3. As an essential attribute, Allah’s speech is uncreated.
  4. Since the Quran is Allah’s speech it must, therefore, be uncreated.
  5. As the speech of Allah, the Quran is not a separate entity from him any more than any of his other attributes are separate from Allah.
  6. At the same time, the Quran is not identical to Allah since there is more to Allah than his speech.

Now these statements obviously cannot be made about the book, pages, or the ink which humans use to record the Quran since these elements are part of creation and therefore temporal. This means that the Quran is actually composed of two distinct elements, one that is eternal and immaterial and the other which is created and physical. In other words, the Quran is eternal and created, timeless and temporal at the same time.

Now this places Ally in a quandary. Since the Quran cannot be separated from Allah, and since the inscripturation/inlibration of the Quran is a necessary and essential aspect of its nature, which is why it often refers to itself as the book that was sent down,

And We have sent down to thee THE BOOK with the truth, confirming the Book that was before it, and assuring it… S. 5:48 Arberry

A Revelation from (God), Most Gracious, Most Merciful; – A BOOK, whereof the verses are explained in detail; – a Qur’an in Arabic, for people who understand; – S. 41:2-3 Y. Ali

By THE BOOK that makes things clear, – We have made it a Qur’an in Arabic, that ye may be able to understand (and learn wisdom). And verily, it is in the Mother of the Book, in Our Presence, high (in dignity), full of wisdom. S. 43:2-4 Y. Ali

By THE BOOK that makes things clear; – We sent it down during a Blessed Night: for We (ever) wish to warn (against Evil). In the (Night) is made distinct every affair of wisdom, By command, from Our Presence. For We (ever) send (revelations), S. 44:2-5 Y. Ali

This means that an intrinsic part of Ally’s god became a book! There’s simply no way around this seeing that the Quran is inseparable from Allah. Therefore, whatever happens to the Quran is also happening to Allah, since there is no way for him not to be affected by the things which the Quran undergoes if it is in fact one of his inseparable, essential attributes. Hence, when the third caliph burned and destroyed the various Qurans in circulation during his day,

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Hudhaifa bin Al-Yaman came to Uthman at the time when the people of Sham and the people of Iraq were Waging war to conquer Arminya and Adharbijan. Hudhaifa was afraid of their (the people of Sham and Iraq) differences in the recitation of the Qur’an, so he said to ‘Uthman, “O chief of the Believers! Save this nation before they differ about the Book (Quran) as Jews and the Christians did before.” So ‘Uthman sent a message to Hafsa saying, “Send us the manuscripts of the Qur’an so that we may compile the Qur’anic materials in perfect copies and return the manuscripts to you.” Hafsa sent it to ‘Uthman. ‘Uthman then ordered Zaid bin Thabit, ‘Abdullah bin AzZubair, Said bin Al-As and ‘AbdurRahman bin Harith bin Hisham to rewrite the manuscripts in perfect copies. ‘Uthman said to the three Quraishi men, “In case you disagree with Zaid bin Thabit on any point in the Qur’an, then write it in the dialect of Quraish, the Qur’an was revealed in their tongue.” They did so, and when they had written many copies, ‘Uthman returned the original manuscripts to Hafsa. ‘Uthman sent to every Muslim province one copy of what they had copied, and ordered that all the other Qur’anic materials, whether written in fragmentary manuscripts or whole copies, be burnt. Said bin Thabit added, “A Verse from Surat Ahzab was missed by me when we copied the Qur’an and I used to hear Allah’s Apostle reciting it. So we searched for it and found it with Khuzaima bin Thabit Al-Ansari. (That Verse was): ‘Among the Believers are men who have been true in their covenant with Allah.’ (33.23). (Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 61, Volum 510 http://searchtruth.com/book_display.php?book=61&translator=1&start=0&number=510)

This essentially means that a part of Allah underwent burning and destruction as well.

The Talking Quran!

That’s not all. According to the so-called sound ahadith the Quran and its individual chapters will intercede and argue for all those Muslims that were in the habit of reciting/reading the Islamic scripture. These sources further attest that the Quran and its individual parts can and will appear in visible form on the day of judgment and march ahead of their reciters/readers as they go before Allah to defend them:

Abu Umama said he heard Allah’s Messenger say: Recite the Qur’an, for on the Day of Resurrection it will come as an intercessor for those who recite It. Recite the two bright ones, al-Baqara and Surah Al ‘Imran, for on the Day of Resurrection they will come as two clouds or two shades, or two flocks of birds in ranks, pleading for those who recite them. Recite Surah al-Baqara, for to take recourse to it is a blessing and to give it up is a cause of grief, and the magicians cannot confront it. (Mu’awiya said: It has been conveyed to me that here Batala means magicians.) (Sahih Muslim, Book 004, Number 1757: http://searchtruth.com/book_display.php?book=004&translator=2&start=0&number=1645)

Narrated by Abdullah ibn Amr:

Allah’s Messenger said, “Fasting and the Qur’an intercede for a man. Fasting says, ‘O my Lord, I have kept him away from his food and his passions by day, so accept my intercession for him.’ The Qur’an SAYS, ‘I HAVE KEPT HIM AWAY from sleep by night, so accept my intercession for him.’ Then their intercession is accepted.”

Bayhaqi transmitted it in Shu’ab al-Iman. (Jami‘ At-Tirmidhi, Hadith Number 1963: http://www.oocities.org/tirmidhihadith/page4.html; see also the following English version of this same hadith: http://www.alim.org/library/hadith/TIR/612; bold and capital emphasis ours)

We are even told that the Quran will even appear in the form of a pale white man:

It was narrated that Buraydah said: I heard the Prophet say: “The Qur’an will meet its companion on the Day of Resurrection when his grave is opened for him, IN THE FORM OF A PALE MAN. IT WILL SAY TO HIM, ‘Do you recognize me?’ He will say: ‘I do not recognize you.’ IT WILL SAY: ‘I am your companion the Qur’an, who kept you thirsty on hot days and kept you awake at night. Every merchant benefits from his business and today you will benefit from your good deeds.’ He will be given dominion in his right hand and eternity in his left, and there will be placed on his head a crown of dignity, and his parents will be clothed with priceless garments the like of which have never been seen in this world. They will say: ‘Why have we been clothed with this?’ It will be said: ‘Because your son used to recite Qur’an.’ Then it will be said to him: ‘Recite and ascend in the degrees of Paradise,’ and he will continue to ascend so long as he recites, either at a fast pace or a slow pace.”

Narrated by Ahmad in al-Musnad (394) and Ibn Maajah in al-Sunan (3781); classed as hasan by al-Busayri in al-Zawaa’id and by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah (2829).

Here is the English translation of Ibn Majah’s version of this report:

3781. It was narrated from Ibn Buraidah that his father told that the Messenger of Allah said: “The Qur’an will come on the Day of Resurrection, LIKE A PALE MAN, AND WILL SAY: ‘I am the one that kept you awake at night and made you thirsty during the day.’” (Hasan) (English Translation of Sunan Ibn Majah – Compiled by Imam Muhammad Bin Yazeed Ibn Majah Al-Qazwini, From Hadith No. 3657 to 4341, Ahadith edited and referenced by Hafiz Abu Tahir Zubair ‘Ali Za’i, translated by Nasiruddin al-Khattab (Canada), final review by Abu Khaliyl (USA), [Darussalam Publications and Distributors, First Edition: June 2007], Volume 5, Chapters on Etiquette, Chapter 52. The Rewards Associated With Qur’an, pp. 68-69; capital emphasis ours)

To top it off, Muhammad actually believed that the Quran and its individual surahs pray to Allah and worship him as their very Lord!

Khalid b. Ma‘dan said: RECITE THE RESCUER, which is A.L.M. The sending down,3 for I have heard that a man who had committed many sins used to recite it and nothing else. It spread its wings over him AND SAID, ‘MY LORD, forgive him, for he often used to RECITE ME;’ so the Lord Most High MADE IT AN INTERCESSOR for him and said, ‘Record for him a good deed and raise him a degree in place of every sin.’ Khalid said: IT WILL DISPUTE on behalf of the one who RECITES IT when he is in the grave SAYING, ‘O God, if I am a part of Thy Book, make me AN INTERCESSOR for him; but if I am not a part of Thy Book, blot me out of it.’ It will be like a bird putting its wing on him, IT WILL INTERCEDE for him and will protect him from the punishment in the grave. He said the same about ‘Blessed is He.’4 Khalid did not go to sleep at night till he had recited them. Ta’us said they were given sixty virtues more than any other sura in the Qur’an. Darimi transmitted.”

  1. Qur’an, xxxii.
  2. Qur’an, lxvii. (Mishkat Al-Masabih, English Translation With Explanatory Notes by Dr. James Robson [Sh. Muhammad Ashraf Publishers, Booksellers & Exporters, Lahore-Pakistan, Reprint 1990], Volume II, Book VIII. The Excellent Qualities of the Qur’an, Chapter I, p. 459; bold and capital emphasis ours)

Hence, not only does the foregoing prove that the Quran is personally distinct from Allah (since it even disputes with him!), it even indicates that it is a conscious being capable of praying and worshiping!

In fact, since the hadiths ascribe consciousness to some of its individual surahs, this means that the Quran consists of 114 personal, conscious agents, all of whom are capable of interacting, disputing and/or interceding with the Muslim god!

With that in mind, we can now turn Ally’s own objections to the Christian doctrine of the Incarnation of God’s Eternal Word against him.

Traditional Islam teaches that the Quran is the uncreated speech/word of Allah (kalamullah) that came down on earth in order to become a book! And this book has its own words, and can even appear in human form. In fact, all of its individual chapters can speak and appear separately from one another, and some of which will even do so on the day of judgment in order to dispute with Allah in defense of their reciters/readers. Now since the Quran is inseparable from Allah, seeing that it is one of his essential attributes, this means that Allah actually consists of 115 separate and distinct personalities, all of who can interact and dispute with one another. This further entails believing that Allah, or at least an intrinsic part of him, became a physical book, one that can be touched, burned, desecrated, destroyed etc., by fallible imperfect creatures.

Now in light of this, why isn’t Shabir Ally worshiping the Quran? After all, if it is an eternal, inseparable part of Allah which originates from him, then this means that the Quran is divine in nature. And if it is divine then it is worthy of the worship of Muslims. The fact that Ally and the rest of the Muslims do not worship the Quran is an indication of their gross inconsistency. If anything it shows that Ally and his fellow believers are dishonoring their lord by failing to worship the physical form, the visible manifestation of his uncreated speech, a speech that is supposed to be Allah speaking to his servants.

And Ally thought we Christians had problems!

For a more extensive study on the Quran being a living conscious being consisting of 114 distinct personalities we recommend the following article:

The Quran As A Divine Conscious Agent http://answeringislam.net/authors/shamoun/conscious_quran.html

Ally’s groans are far from over, as we shall see in the next installment.

A Critique of Shabir Ally’s Debate Tactics Pt. 2a

We continue with our series http://www.reformedapologeticsministries.com/2015/09/a-critique-of-shabir-allys-debate_16.html exposing Ally’s debate tactics and tricks.

Ally’s Assertions About the Quran

This is what Ally told Nabeel Qureshi in their debate when the latter asked him whether if he agreed with the Mutazilites that the Quran is created, or whether he actually sided with the Asharites/Maturidis who believe it is eternal:

“I believe that this debate has been overblown, as many debates have been overblown in history. Sometimes people differ and they argue with each other. And if they really sat down and listened to what they were saying to each other they would realize the difference is not as great as they thought it was. And this is the kind of kitchen table debates that go on in many households. When we look back at what they were debating we realize that both were right in some way. When some people spoke about the uncreated word of God, they were thinking about the eternal knowledge of God, which cannot conceivably be absent from God. And when others spoke about the Quran being created, they’re speaking about the text that we hold in our hands, that we recite with our tongues, that we write with pen and ink. So there were to different perspectives, they were arguing about two different things. Sometimes people have to stop and define their terms. And because people don’t take the time to define their terms they argue about two different things, and it looks like they have an argument, but essentially there is no real disagreement. So I think that they were both right in some way. There’s an eternal word of God always with God – that is his knowledge. And at the same time there is a revealed word of God which comes at a certain time in history, and it responds to questions that were being asked of the prophet Muhammad and occasions as they arose.” (What is God Really Like: Tawhid or Trinity? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FWpqqqZn7Kg)

And this is what Ally stated in his opening statements to Nabeel Qureshi concerning the traditional Sunni view concerning the uncreated nature of the Quran:

“So what about the mihna then, the question that Muslims had to ask about is the Quran created, for example? And are the attributes of God part of him, or not him? And the statement bi la-kayf, we say, ok, we’re going to say we don’t know exactly about some of these things? Now these are mysteries! But those mysteries are not particular to Muslims; those mysteries exist in Christianity as well, and also in Judaism. When Jews spoke of the Torah, they spoke about the Torah in terms which are similar to Muslims’ speaking about the Quran. And the same question arises, as for example as is explained by F. E. Peters in his book, ‘Children of Abraham,’ similar questions arose among Jews; what do you say about the Torah? Is that God or not God?

“Now the problem in Christianity is not this, the problem is something else. In Christianity, we have another Person who is suddenly being worshiped. If Muslims took the Quran and said, ‘This Quran is God,’ and they start worshiping the Quran, then we have something similar to what has happened in Christianity. But this has not happened in Islam. If Muslims took the knowledge of God and say the knowledge of God is a separate person from God, and they start worshiping this knowledge of God, then we have something comparable with Christianity. But nothing like this has happened in Islam, so in fact there is nothing comparable. Now what has happened in Islam is there in Christianity; so Christianity has a double problem, if we consider this to be a problem. First, how do you explain the Trinity? And second, how do you explain this particular aspect, when we speak about the knowledge of God, for example?

“Now John’s Gospel speaks about the Logos of God… Jesus is the Logos of God come down on earth. What is the Logos? The Word of God! Now the Word of God became a human being. Does he have words of his own? Yes! Now if the Word of God, the Logos, is also God, what about the words of Jesus? Does that also become God? Ok, if the Holy Spirit is God and the Holy Spirit speaks, does that make his word also somehow God? So now you have a different problem to explain here, and that is what you are pointing to as a Muslim problem. That problem is shared by Muslims, by Jews, by Christians, and we have ways of getting over that. We’re saying there’s some things about God which we are told in scripture, which we know about, we don’t understand how it may be so. Ok, that much is a mystery. But when you start taking some aspect of God and making that a separate person, and you’re considering that to be God, now suddenly you have the 3-in-1 problem. How do explain that they are three and yet one?”

And here is what he also stated in his rebuttal:

“It is true that in Islamic history people discusses some mysteries about God, Yes, there was the mihna, the inquisition. Yes people quarrel over whether the Quran was created or not. But that is a quarrel that is not unique to Islam, and that is not the same problem as… or problem at the level of the Trinity. That’s a problem that exists for Jews as well, and also for Christians. So in addition to the Trinity you still have this problem, because we still can ask you: Ok is the Old Testament created or not created? Is it not the uncreated word of God? Nabeel has suggested, ‘Yeah! You Muslims should worship the Quran because that’s the eternal word of God.’ Ok so the Torah is the eternal word of God. Should Christians now worship the Torah? No! Should Muslims worship the Quran? No! I think this is a very weak argument Nabeel… you have to do better than that.” 

Ally’s Distortions and Misrepresentations Refuted

With the foregoing in mind, we can now address Ally’s claims.

An uncreated Torah? 

In the first place, it is simply not the case that traditional or rabbinic Judaism holds to the view of the Torah being uncreated like the Quran. Rather, the rabbinic sources teach that the Torah is one of the seven things that God created before he brought the world into being, with some of these references even going as far as stating that the Torah was created two thousand years before the creation of the heavens and earth:

Seven things were created before the world, viz., The Torah, repentance, the Garden of Eden, Gehenna, the Throne of Glory, the Temple, and the name of the Messiah. The Torah, for it is written, The Lord possessed me [the Torah] in the beginning of his way, before his works of old. Repentance, for it is written, Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world… Thou turnest man to destruction, and sayest, Repent, ye sons of men. The Garden of Eden, as it is written, And the Lord God planted a garden in Eden from aforetime. Gehenna, as it is written, For Tophet is ordained of old. The Throne of Glory, as it is written, Thy Throne is established from of old. The Temple, as it is written, A glorious high throne from the beginning is the place of our sanctuary. The name of the Messiah, as it is written, His name [of Messiah] shall endure forever, and [has existed] before the sun! (Babylonian Talmud, Nedarim 39b – See the following translation https://halakhah.com/rst/nashim/26a%20-%20Nedorim%20-%202a-45a.pdf; bold and underline emphasis ours)

And:

Two thousand years before the world was created, [God] created the Torah [that is, divine wisdom]. – Targum Neophyti Gen. 3:24 (James L. Kugel, The Bible As It Was [The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts/ London, England, 1997], p. 54; bold and underline emphasis ours)

Again:

… He had created the world, He created the law; He prepared the garden of Eden for the righteous, that they might eat and delight themselves with the fruit of the tree; because they would have practised in their lives the doctrine of the law in this world, and have maintained the commandments: (but) he prepared Gehinnam for the wicked, which is like the sharp, consuming sword of two edges; in the midst of it He hath prepared flakes of fire and burning coals for the judgment of the wicked who rebelled in their life against the doctrine of the law. To serve the law is better than (to eat of) the fruit of the tree of life, (the law) which the Word of the Lord prepared, that man in keeping it might continue, and walk in the paths of the way of life in the world to come.

[JERUSALEM. And the Word of the Lord God said, Behold, Adam whom I have created is sole in my world, as I am sole in the heavens above. It is to be that a great people are to arise from him; from him will arise a people who will know how to discern between good and evil. And now it is good that we keep him from the garden of Eden before he stretch forth his hand and take also of the fruit of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever……And He cast out Adam, and made the glory of His Shekina to dwell at the front of the east of the garden of Eden, above the two Kerubaia. Two thousand years before He had created the world, He created the law, and prepared Gehinnam and the garden of Eden. He prepared the garden of Eden for the righteous, that they should eat, and delight themselves with the fruit of the tree, because they had kept the commandments of the law in this world. For the wicked He prepared Gehinnam, which is like the sharp, consuming sword with two edges. He prepared in the depth of it flakes of fire and burning coals for the wicked, for their punishment for ever in the world to come, who have not kept the commandment of the law in this world. For the law is the tree of life; whoever keepeth it in this life liveth and subsisteth as the tree of life. The law is good to keep in this world, as the fruit of the tree of life in the world that cometh.] (The Targum of Jonathan Ben Uzziel, The Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan Ben Uzziel On the Pentateuch With The Fragments of the Jerusalem Targum From the Chaldee, by J. W. Etheridge, M.A. First Published 1862 http://targum.info/pj/pjgen1-6.htm; bold and underline emphasis ours)

And now for our final, somewhat lengthy reference:

94. SEVEN THINGS CREATED BEFORE THE CREATION OF THE WORLD

Seven things were created before the creation of the world. They are; the Torah, Repentance, Paradise, Gehenna, the Throne of Glory, the heavenly Temple, and the name of the Messiah. The Messiah’s name as engraved on a precious stone on the altar of the heavenly Temple, as it is said, His name existed before the sun (Ps. 72:17). Nor will King Messiah ever know death. All seven preceded the creation of the world by two thousand years, and all were borne up by the power of God…

God is said to have created these seven things before the creation of the world (Midrash Tehillim 90:12). These seven things are regarded as the indispensible essentials for the world to exist. Each of these seven things is explained by a verse that suggests they were created before the rest of the creation of the world. The Torah’s pre-existence is supported by the verse The Lord possessed me in the beginning of His way, before His works of old (Prov. 8:22)…

B. Pesahim 54a; B. Nedarim 39b; Midrash Tehillim 8, 72:17; 90:3, 90:12; Sefer ha-Zikhronot 1:8; Orhot Tzaddikim; Avodat ha-Kodesh, Helek ha-Yihud 21…

308. THE CREATION OF THE TORAH

God CREATED the Torah at the very beginning, before the heavens were created and the earth was brought into being, before the mountains were sunk, before the hills were born, before there were any streams or sources of water, as it is said, Yahweh created me at the beginning of His course (Prov. 8:22). It lay in God’s bosom and sang praises of God along with the ministering angels.

God wrote the Torah while seated on the Throne of Glory, high in the firmament above the heads of the celestial creatures. The Garden of Eden was at God’s right hand, and Gehenna was at His left. The heavenly sanctuary was set up in front of Him, with the name of the Messiah engraved on the altar. There, as the Torah rested on His knees, God wrote the letters in black fire on white fire. Later, it was tied to the arm of God, as it is said, Lightning flashing at them from His right (Deut. 33:2). Others say that the Torah was written on the arm of God, while still others say it was carved in fire on God’s crown.

The Torah was there when God created the heavens, drawing a circle on the face of the depths. So too was it there when God fashioned the heavens and set the streams into motion.

The Torah was reared by God, and it was His daily joy, giving God great pleasure. Later Moses arose and brought it down to earth to give it to humanity.

Here the passage from Proverbs that is spoken by Wisdom is attributed to the Torah; Yahweh created me at the beginning of His course (Prov. 8:22). Thus Wisdom and the Torah are identified as the same figure, since the Torah is regarded as the sum of Jewish wisdom.

This myth answers the question of what the Torah was written on before it was given to Moses. The answer is that it was written with black fire on white fire and tied to the arm of God. An alternate version says that it was tied to the knee of God. Sill another version says that the Torah was carved with fire on God’s crown.

According to Avot de-Rabbi Natan, God created the Torah 974 generations before the world was created.

Sources:

Midrash Tehillim 90:12; Eliyahu Rabbah 31:160; Midrash Mishlei 8; Midrash Konen in Beit ha-Midrash 2:24-39; Avot de-Rabbi Natan 31; Alpha Beta de-Rabbi Akiva in Otzar Midrashim p. 424.

309. CREATION BY THE TORAH

The Torah was one of the seven things CREATED before the creation of the world, and the Torah served as God’s advisor when He was about to create this world. God looked into the Torah and created the world and all created beings through it.

When the time came to create man, the Torah said, “Master of the Universe, the world is Yours to create. The days of this man You want to create will be short and full of anger, and he will be drawn into sin. If You are not going to have patience with him, it’s better for him not to be created.”

God answered, “It’s not for nothing that I’m called Merciful.”

After that God consulted only the Torah, and let the Torah serve as a blueprint for all creation. So too did the Torah serve as an artisan in all the work of creation. With the assistance of the Torah, God stretched out the heavens and established the earth. With the Torah He bound up the sea, lest it go forth and overflow the world. So too did He fashion the sun and moon with it. Thus we learn that the world was indeed founded upon the Torah, and that God created the world and all created beings through the Torah. How did God do this? He looked into the Torah and created the world with it. With every single act of creation, God looked into the Torah, and created that detail of creation…

Thus not only was the Torah CREATED prior to the creation of the world, it was the vessel by which the world was created. Thus the universe was created through the letters of the Torah.

So too did God declare, at the time of man’s creation, that the world was created only for the sake of the Torah, and that as long as the Jewish people occupy themselves with the Torah, the world will continue to exist. But if the Jewish people abandon the Torah, God will return all of creation to a state of chaos.

God is able to consult the Torah because it is one of the seven things CREATED before the creation. See “Seven Things Created before the Creation,” p. 74. A parable is given to explain God’s use of the Torah to create the world: “When a king wishes to build a palace, he does not build it himself but brings in an artisan. Nor does the artisan build it himself. He uses sketches and notebooks. So too did God look into the Torah and created the world.” (Genesis Rabbah 1:1). Here the Torah is presented as an “artisan,” while God is the architect, that is, as an active, creating force, not simply a text that was consulted. Here the Torah seems to participate in the creation in much the same way as the angels are said to have done in other rabbinic sources. See “Creation by Angels,” p. 116… In this scenario, God created the Torah, which, in turn, was used to create the elements, which were used to create the world… ((Howard Schwartz, Tree of Souls: The Mythology of Judaism [Oxford University Press, 2007], pp. 74-75, 248-250; capital and underline emphasis ours)

The above quotations refute Shabir Ally’s assertion since the Jews do not claim that the Torah is the uncreated word of God. As such, the Jewish view is unlike that of Sunni Islam, which teaches that the Quran has no beginning since it is the eternal speech of Allah. Therefore, this is nothing more than another case of Shabir Ally distorting the facts so as to mislead his audience for the express purpose of scoring points against his opponents.

Is the Quran really Allah’s Knowledge?

The second problem with Ally’s claim is that the Quran is believed to be the word/speech of Allah (kalamullah), not his knowledge (alilmu bil-Lah). The Islamic “revelation” contains (but is not identical with) those aspects or parts of Allah’s knowledge and will that the Muslim deity wanted to make known to mankind. However, the Quran is not identical to Allah’s knowledge. And this is just common sense since a person’s words are not the same as his wisdom and knowledge. Rather, words are used to communicate the knowledge and wisdom possessed by the individual.

This again exposes Ally’s willingness to twist facts and misrepresent sources in order to win by any means necessary, even if this means employing deceptive and dishonest tactics to do so.

We have more to say in the second part of our rebuttal https://answeringislamblog.wordpress.com/2017/08/11/a-critique-of-shabir-allys-debate-tactics-pt-2b/.

The true religion and guidance of Abraham

In my previous post https://answeringislamblog.wordpress.com/2017/08/04/how-muhammads-sunna-trumps-the-quran-once-again/, I showed how the Quran commanded Muhammad and mankind to follow the religion and guidance of Abraham. In this current article I am going to unveil what that religion and guidance happens to be according to God’s true Word, the Holy Bible.

Since the Quran claims to be a confirmation of the Holy Scriptures in the possession of the Jews and Christians of Muhammad’s time,

O Children of Israel, remember the favour I have bestowed upon you. Keep your covenant, and I will be true to Mine. Dread My power. Have faith in My revelations, which confirm your Scriptures, and do not be the first to deny them. Do not sell My revelations for a paltry price; fear Me. Do not confound truth with falsehood, nor knowingly conceal the truth. Attend to your prayers, render the alms levy, and kneel with those who kneel. Would you enjoin righteousness on men and forget it yourselves? Yet you read the Scriptures. Have you no sense? S. 2:40-44 http://www.islamawakened.com/quran/2/st50.htm

And now that a Book confirming their own has come to them from God, they deny it, although they know it to be the truth and have long prayed for help against the unbelievers. God’s curse be upon the infidels!… When they are told: ‘Believe in what God has revealed,’ they reply: ‘We believe in what was revealed to us.’ But they deny what has since been revealed, although it is the truth, corroborating their own scriptures. Say: ‘Why did you kill the prophets of God, if you are true believers? S. 2:89, 91

Say: ‘Whoever is an enemy of Gabriel’ (who has by God’s grace revealed to you the Koran as a guide and joyful tidings for the faithful, confirming previous scriptures). S. 2:97

And now that an apostle has come to them from God confirming their own Scriptures, some of those to whom the Scriptures were given cast off the Book of God over their backs as though they know nothing. S. 2:101

He has revealed to you the Book with the Truth, confirming the scriptures which preceded it; for He has already revealed the Torah and the Gospel for the guidance of mankind, and the distinction between right and wrong. Those that deny God’s revelations shall be sternly punished; God is mighty and capable of revenge. S. 3:3-4 http://www.islamawakened.com/quran/3/st50.htm

You to whom the Scriptures were given! Believe in that which We have revealed, confirming your own scriptures, before We obliterate your faces and turn them backward, or lay Our curse on you as We laid it on the Sabbath–breakers. What God ordains shall be accomplished. S. 4:47 http://www.islamawakened.com/quran/4/st50.htm

This Koran could not have been devised by any but God. It confirms what was revealed before it and fully explains the Scriptures. It is beyond doubt from the Lord of the Worlds. S. 10:37 http://www.islamawakened.com/quran/10/st50.htm

Yet before it the Book of Moses was revealed: a guide and a blessing. This Book confirms it. It is revealed in the Arabic tongue, to forewarn the wrongdoers and to give good tidings to the righteous… ‘Our people,’ they said, ‘we have just been listening to a scripture revealed since the time of Moses, confirming previous scriptures and pointing to the truth and to a straight path. S. 46:12, 30 http://www.islamawakened.com/quran/46/st50.htm

And since the Jews and Christians are commanded to judge in accordance with their sacred writings,

But how will they come to you for judgement when they already have the Torah which enshrines God’s own judgement? Soon after, they will turn their backs: they are no true believers. We have revealed the Torah, in which there is guidance and light. By it the prophets who submitted to God judged the Jews, and so did the rabbis and the divines, according to God’s Book which had been committed to their keeping and to which they themselves were witnesses. Have no fear of man; fear Me, and do not sell My revelations for a paltry sum. Unbelievers are those who do not judge according to God’s revelations. We decreed for them a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth, and a wound for a wound. But if a man charitably forbears from retaliation, his remission shall atone for him. Transgressors are those that do not judge according to God’s revelations. After them We sent forth Jesus, son of Mary, confirming the Torah already revealed, and gave him the Gospel, in which there is guidance and light, corroborating what was revealed before it in the Torah: a guide and an admonition to the righteous. Therefore let those who follow the Gospel judge according to what God has revealed therein. Evil–doers are those that do not judge according to God’s revelations. And to you We have revealed the Book with the truth. It confirms the Scriptures which came before it and stands as a guardian over them. Therefore give judgement among men according to God’s revelations, and do not yield to their whims or swerve from the truth made known to you. We have ordained a law and assigned a path for each of you. Had God pleased, He could have made of you one community: but it is His wish to prove you by that which He has bestowed upon you. Vie with each other in good works, for to God shall you all return and He will resolve your differences for you. S. 5:43-48

And since the books that the Jews and Christians possessed at Muhammad’s time are identical to what we have in our Bibles today, this means that we can consult the Holy Bible to test and judge Muhammad’s assertions in the Quran.

With that said let us turn to the Holy Scriptures to see what they have to say concerning the religion and guidance of Abraham: 

“Then answered the Jews, and said unto him, Say we not well that thou art a Samaritan, and hast a devil? Jesus answered, I have not a devil; but I honour my Father, and ye do dishonour me. And I seek not mine own glory: there is one that seeketh and judgeth. Verily, verily, I say unto you, If a man keep my saying, he shall never see death. Then said the Jews unto him, Now we know that thou hast a devil. Abraham is dead, and the prophets; and thou sayest, If a man keep my saying, he shall never taste of death. Art thou greater than our father Abraham, which is dead? and the prophets are dead: whom makest thou thyself? Jesus answered, If I honour myself, my honour is nothing: it is my Father that honoureth me; of whom ye say, that he is your God: yet ye have not known him; but I know him: and if I should say, I know him not, I shall be a liar like unto you: but I know him, and keep his saying. Your father Abraham rejoiced to see MY DAY: and he saw it, and was glad. Then said the Jews unto him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham? Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am. Then took they up stones to cast at him: but Jesus hid himself, and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by.” John 8:48-59

Here we have it on the authority of the Lord Jesus himself that Abraham looked to Jesus for salvation. The fact that Abraham rejoiced to see the day of Christ, and saw it, affirms that God had revealed to Abraham beforehand that the Messiah would come to save and justify him.(1)

In other words, Abraham knew by way of revelation that God was going to send the Messiah to save him and all his descendants. Therefore, Abraham believed in Christ whom he knew would eventually come since he trusted God who promised to send his Anointed One to save his people and the whole inhabited earth.

Abraham wasn’t the only saint or prophet who trusted in and looked to the Messiah for his/her salvation. According to Christ himself, all of God’s inspired prophets and emissaries longed for the day when God’s Anointed Savior would arrive to redeem them from their sins and grant them everlasting life:

“But blessed are your eyes, for they see: and your ears, for they hear. For verily I say unto you, That many prophets and righteous men have desired to see those things which ye see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things which ye hear, and have not heard them.” Matthew 13:16-17 – cf. Luke 10:23-24

“Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me. And ye will not come to me, that ye might have life… Do not think that I will accuse you to the Father: there is one that accuseth you, even Moses, in whom ye trust. For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me: for he wrote of me. But if ye believe not his writings, how shall ye believe my words?” John 5:39-40, 45-47

Jesus further confirmed that God made known to and through Moses and the prophets that the Messiah would suffer and die for the sins of God’s people, and then be raised and taken into his heavenly glory:

“Then he took unto him the twelve, and said unto them, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished. For he shall be delivered unto the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and spitefully entreated, and spitted on: and they shall scourge him, and put him to death: and the third day he shall rise again. And they understood none of these things: and this saying was hid from them, neither knew they the things which were spoken.” Luke 18:31-34 – cf. Matthew 16:21; 17:22-23; 20:17-19; Mark 8:31-32; 9:30-31; 10:32-34

“Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken: ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory? And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.” Luke 24:25-27

“And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me. Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures, and said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.” Luke 24:44-47 – cf. Acts 3:19-26; 10:36-43; 13:17-39; 26:22-23; Romans 1:1-4, 16-17; 3:21-31; 16:25-26; 1 Corinthians 15:1-9; 1 Peter 1:10-12

As if this weren’t astonishing enough, Christ went as far as to proclaim that the Holy Spirit inspired and moved king David to confess and worship the Messiah Jesus as his sovereign Lord whom God exalts to heaven in order to reign alongside of him over all creation!(2)

“While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, 42 saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, The Son of David. He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool? If David then call him Lord, how is he his son? And no man was able to answer him a word, neither durst any man from that day forth ask him any more questions.” Matthew 22:41-46 – cf. Luke 20:41-44; Mark 12:35-37; Acts 2:34-35

Hence, David was saved and justified in the same way that believers who come after Christ are redeemed from their sins, namely, by confessing that Jesus Christ is the Lord whom God raised from the dead!

that if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.” Romans 10:9-10

In light of this, the Muslim scripture is simply in error when it says that Abraham was not a Christian, or that the Gospel wasn’t revealed to him,

People of the Book, why do you argue about Abraham when both the Torah and the Gospel were not revealed till after him? Have you no sense? Indeed, you have argued about things of which you have some knowledge. Must you now argue about that of which you know nothing at all? God knows, but you know not. Abraham was neither Jew nor Christian. He was an upright man, one who submitted to God. He was no idolater. S. 3:65-67

Since the very Scriptures that the Quran came to confirm are emphatically clear that Abraham, and all the prophets after him, were all Christians who had the Gospel, the Good News, of the coming of the Lord Jesus preached to them:

“Having therefore obtained help of God, I continue unto this day, witnessing both to small and great, saying none other things than those which the prophets and Moses did say should come: that Christ should suffer, and that he should be the first that should rise from the dead, and should shew light unto the people, and to the Gentiles… Then Agrippa said unto Paul, Almost thou persuadest me to be a Christian. And Paul said, I would to God, that not only thou, but also all that hear me this day, were both almost, and altogether such as I am, except these bonds.” Acts 26:22-23, 28-29

“He therefore that ministereth to you the Spirit, and worketh miracles among you, doeth he it by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness. Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham. And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed. So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham… Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree: that the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles THROUGH JESUS CHRIST; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith… Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, WHICH IS CHRIST. And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect… But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise BY FAITH OF JESUS CHRIST might be given to them that believe… Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster. For ye are all the children of God BY FAITH IN CHRIST JESUS. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. And if ye be Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.” Galatians 3:5-9, 13-14, 16-17, 22, 24-29

“Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it.” Hebrews 4:1-2

“Concerning this salvation, the prophets who prophesied of the grace that should come to you have inquired and searched diligently, seeking the events and time THE SPIRIT OF CHRIST, WHO WAS WITHIN THEM, signified when He foretold the sufferings of Christ and the glories to follow. It was revealed to them that they were not serving themselves but you, concerning the things which are now reported to you by those who have preached the gospel to you through the Holy Spirit, who was sent from heaven—things into which the angels desire to look.” 1 Peter 1:10-12 Modern English Version (MEV)

“Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing happened unto you: but rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ’s sufferings; that, when his glory shall be revealed, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy. If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy are ye; for the spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you: on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified. But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evildoer, or as a busybody in other men’s matters. Yet if any man suffer as a Christian, let him not be ashamed; but let him glorify God on this behalf.” 1 Peter 4:12-16

So what was the true religion of Abraham? What was the guidance that God showed him? It was none other than Christianity, the belief in Jesus Christ and the redemption that he was to bring to the whole world. This is the only true religion, the only guidance, that the one true God has given for the salvation of mankind:

“Jesus saith unto him, I am THE WAY, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, BUT BY ME.” John 14:6

“And it came to pass on the morrow, that their rulers, and elders, and scribes, and Annas the high priest, and Caiaphas, and John, and Alexander, and as many as were of the kindred of the high priest, were gathered together at Jerusalem. And when they had set them in the midst, they asked, By what power, or by what name, have ye done this? Then Peter, filled with the Holy Ghost, said unto them, Ye rulers of the people, and elders of Israel, if we this day be examined of the good deed done to the impotent man, by what means he is made whole; be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead, even BY HIM doth this man stand here before you whole. This is the stone which was set at nought of you builders, which is become the head of the corner. Neither is there salvation IN ANY OTHER: for there is NONE OTHER NAME under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved. Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marvelled; and they took knowledge of them, that they had been with Jesus. And beholding the man which was healed standing with them, they could say nothing against it.” Acts 4:5-14

This means that Muslims need to follow the guidance revealed to Abraham by turning away from Islam and embrace Jesus Christ as their Lord and Savior, just as Abraham did. If they refuse to follow Abraham’s religion then they will remain in their sins and will, therefore, suffer God’s righteous wrath for rejecting God’s gracious provision of salvation:

“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God… He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him.” John 3:16-18, 36

“For they themselves shew of us what manner of entering in we had unto you, and how ye turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God; and to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come.” 1 Thessalonians 1:9-10

“For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ, who died for us, that, whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with him.” 1 Thessalonians 5:9-10

“which is a manifest token of the righteous judgment of God, that ye may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which ye also suffer: seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you; and to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, in flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ: who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power; when he shall come to be glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all them that believe (because our testimony among you was believed) in that day.” 2 Thessalonians 1:5-10

Hopefully, they will make the right choice just as Abraham and all the true believers did:

“And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.” Revelation 22:17

All quranic references taken from the N. J. Dawood version.

Unless noted otherwise, all biblical citations taken from the Authorized King James Version (AV) of the Holy Bible.

Endnotes 

(1) Not only does our Lord say that Abraham saw his day, he also confirms that he actually saw Abraham, which astonished the Jews since they couldn’t understand how Jesus could have met their ancestor seeing that the latter had been dead for nearly two thousand years. Jesus then explained that the reason why he was able to see their forefather is because, unlike Abraham who came into being at a specific moment in time, Christ has always existed since he is no mere human being, but is the eternal God who chose to become flesh.

Now this implies that all those times and places in the Hebrew Bible where Abraham saw God face to face in visible form, that it was none other than the Lord Jesus Christ himself in his prehuman existence whom the patriarch was actually seeing. For more on this topic please read the following article:

Who did Abraham See? http://www.reformedapologeticsministries.com/2016/06/who-did-abraham-see.html

(2) David’s inspired proclamation regarding his Lord the Messiah being seated at God’s right hand clearly indicates that he had been informed by the Holy Spirit that Jesus Christ would from heaven itself, a point that can be easily proven from what David wrote elsewhere in the Psalms:

“He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision.” Psalm 2:4

“The Lord is in his holy temple, the Lord’s throne is in heaven: his eyes behold, his eyelids try, the children of men.” Psalm 11:4

The Lord hath prepared his throne in the heavens; and his kingdom ruleth over all.” Psalm 103:19

Since Jehovah rules from his throne in heaven the Messiah must, therefore, be ruling from God’s very own heavenly throne. After all, to be seated at God’s heavenly right-hand means that the Messiah is sitting together with God on the same divine throne. There is simply no way around this fact.

 

 

How Muhammad’s Sunna Trumps the Quran Once Again!

The hadiths have Muhammad going around boasting about how Allah has appointed him to be the leader of both the prophets of God and mankind in general:

Sunan Ibn Majah

Zuhd

It was narrated from Ubayy bin Ka’b, from his father, that the Messenger of Allah said:

“When the Day of Resurrection comes, I will be the leader of the Prophets and the one who addresses them, and the one among them who will agree to intercede, and it is no boast.”

Grade: Hasan (Darussalam)

English reference: Vol. 5, Book 37, Hadith 4314

Arabic reference: Book 37, Hadith 4457 (Sunnah.com; https://sunnah.com/urn/1294170)

It is reported on the authority of Abu Huraira that there was placed before the Messenger of Allah a cup of soft bread, soup and meat. He took part of the foreleg which he liked most. He sliced (with his teeth) a slice (out of that) and said: I would be the leader of mankind on the Day of Resurrection. He then sliced (that meat) for the second time and said: I am the leader of mankind on the Day of Resurrection. When he saw that his companions did not ask him (about this assertion) he said: Why don’t you say: How would that be? They said: How would be it, Messenger of Allah? He said: People would stand before the Lord of the worlds. And the rest of the hadith was narrated like the one transmitted by Abu Hayyan, on the authority of Abu Zur’a, and in the story of Ibrahim, this addition was made. He said and made mention of his words with regard to the star: This is my Lord. And his words with regard to their gods: But the big among them has done that. And his words: I am ailing. He (the Holy Prophet) said: By Him in Whose Hand is the life of Muhammad, the distance between two leaves of the door from their supporting frames is as the distance between Mecca and Hajar or Hajar and Mecca. I do not remember how he said it (whether Mecca and Hajar or Hajar and Mecca). (Sahih Muslim, Book 001, Number 0379 http://searchtruth.com/book_display.php?book=001&translator=2&start=0&number=0379)

However, these assertions contradict the express teachings of the Quran which plainly state that Allah appointed Abraham to be the leader of all the nations:

And remember that Abraham was tried by his Lord with certain commands, which he fulfilled: He said: “I will make thee an Imam (Leader) to the Nations.” He pleaded: “And also (Imams) from my offspring!” He answered: “But My Promise is not within the reach of evil-doers.” S. 2:124 Yusuf Ali

This explains the Quran’s commanding mankind to follow the religion of Abraham:

And who forsaketh the religion of Abraham (millati Ibraheema) save him who befooleth himself? Verily We chose him in the world, and lo! in the Hereafter he is among the righteous. S. 2:130 Pickthall

Say: Allah speaketh truth. So follow the religion of Abraham (millata Ibraheema), the upright. He was not of the idolaters. S. 3:95 Pickthall

And who is better in faith than he who submits himself entirely to ALLAH, and he is a doer of good and follows the religion of Abraham (millata Ibraheema)? And ALLAH took Abraham for a special friend. S. 4:125 Sher Ali

Lo! Abraham was a nation (ommatan) obedient to Allah, by nature upright, and he was not of the idolaters; Thankful for His bounties; He chose him and He guided him unto a straight path. And We gave him good in the world, and in the Hereafter he is among the righteous. And afterward We inspired thee (Muhammad, saying): Follow the religion of Abraham (millata Ibraheema), as one by nature upright. He was not of the idolaters. S. 16:120-123 Pickthall

Muhammad himself was ordered by his lord to follow Abraham’s religion and to imitate his guidance, since this is the guidance embraced by all of God’s true prophets:

And they say: Be Jews or Christians, then ye will be rightly guided. Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Nay, but (we follow) the religion of Abraham (millata Ibraheema), the upright, and he was not of the idolaters. S. 2:135 Pickthall

Verily, among mankind who have the best claim to Ibrahim (Abraham) are those who followed him, and this Prophet (Muhammad) and those who have believed (Muslims). And Allah is the Wali (Protector and Helper) of the believers. S. 3:68 Hilali-Khan

That is Our argument. We gave it unto Abraham against his folk. We raise unto degrees of wisdom whom We will. Lo! thy Lord is Wise, And We bestowed upon him Isaac and Jacob; each of them We guided; and Noah did We guide aforetime; and of his seed (We guided) David and Solomon and Job and Joseph and Moses and Aaron. Thus do We reward the good. And Zachariah and John and Jesus and Elias. Each one (of them) was of the righteous. And Ishmael and Elisha and Jonah and Lot. Each one (of them) did We prefer above (Our) creatures, With some of their forefathers and their offspring and their brethren; and We chose them and guided them unto a straight path. Such is the guidance of Allah wherewith He guideth whom He will of His bondmen. But if they had set up (for worship) aught beside Him, (all) that they did would have been vain. Those are they unto whom We gave the Scripture and command and prophethood. But if these disbelieve therein, then indeed We shall entrust it to a people who will not be disbelievers therein. Those are they whom Allah guideth, so follow their guidance. Say (O Muhammad, unto mankind): I ask of you no fee for it. Lo! it is naught but a Reminder to (His) creatures. Pickthall

Say, `My Lord has guided me unto a straight path – the right religion, the religion of Abraham (millata Ibraheema), the upright. And he was not of those who associated gods with ALLAH. S. 6:161 Sher Ali

And fight in defence of God’s true religion, as it behoveth [you] to fight for the same. He hath chosen you, and hath not imposed on you any difficulty in the religion [which he hath given you], the religion of your father Abraham (millati abeekum Ibraheema): He hath named you Moslems heretofore, and in this [book]; that [our] apostle may be a witness against you [at the day of judgement], and that ye may be witnesses against [the rest] of mankind. Wherefore be ye constant at prayer; and give alms: And adhere firmly unto God. He is your master; and he is the best master, and the best protector. S. 22:78 Sale

The hadiths further confirm this fact by indicating that Muhammad not only followed the guidance of Abraham and the prophets before him,

Narrated Al-Awwam: I asked Mujahid regarding the prostration in Surat Sad. He said, “I asked Ibn ‘Abbas, ‘What evidence makes you prostrate?’ He said, “Don’t you recite:–‘And among his progeny, David and Solomon..(6.84). Those are they whom Allah had guided. So follow their guidance.’ (6.90) So David was the one of those prophets whom Prophet (Muhammad) was ordered to follow. David prostrated, so Allah’s Apostle (Muhammad) performed this prostration too.’ (Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 331 http://searchtruth.com/book_display.php?book=60&translator=1&start=0&number=331)

But by also having Muhammad candidly admit that Abraham, not him, is the best of all creation:

Anas b. Malik reported that a person came to Allah’s Messenger and said: O, the best of creation; thereupon Allah’s Messenger said: He is Ibrahim. (Sahih Muslim, Book 030, Number 5841; http://searchtruth.com/book_display.php?book=030&translator=2&start=0&number=5841)

This only makes sense in light of the express statements of the Quran that it is the religion and guidance of Abraham that mankind is supposed to follow since Allah appointed Abraham, not Muhammad, as the iman, the leader of all mankind.

So much for the claim of the ahadith that Muhammad is the leader of mankind and the messengers of God.

With that said we now move on to the second part of the discussion where we unveil what the true religion and guidance of Abraham happens to be https://answeringislamblog.wordpress.com/2017/08/04/the-true-religion-and-guidance-of-abraham/.

JEHOVAH OF THE OLD TESTAMENT IS JESUS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT

 

In this article we will list some of the many ways in which the NT writers identify Jesus Christ as Jehovah God in the flesh. Keep in mind that the testimony of the Holy Bible is that God is a Trinity who eternally exists as three distinct, yet inseparable Persons, namely, the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. Therefore, to say that Jesus is Jehovah is not to say that he is all three divine Persons. Rather, the Holy Scriptures identify Christ as Jehovah God the Son who is one with both the Father and the Holy Spirit in essence and nature.

1. Who is the only God?

JEHOVAH

“All nations whom thou hast made shall come and worship before thee, O Lord; and shall glorify thy name. For thou art great, and doest wondrous things: thou art God alone.” Psalm 86:9-10

“And Hezekiah received the letter from the hand of the messengers, and read it: and Hezekiah went up unto the house of the Lord, and spread it before the Lord. And Hezekiah prayed unto the Lord, saying, O Lord of hosts, God of Israel, that dwellest between the cherubims, thou art the God, even thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth: thou hast made heaven and earth. Incline thine ear, O Lord, and hear; open thine eyes, O Lord, and see: and hear all the words of Sennacherib, which hath sent to reproach the living God. Of a truth, Lord, the kings of Assyria have laid waste all the nations, and their countries, and have cast their gods into the fire: for they were no gods, but the work of men’s hands, wood and stone: therefore they have destroyed them. Now therefore, O Lord our God, save us from his hand, that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that thou art the Lord, even thou only.” Isaiah 37:14-20

JESUS  

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was GodAnd the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.” John 1:1, 1

“And Thomas answered and said UNTO HIM, My Lord and my God. Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.” John 20:28-29

“whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.” Romans 9:5

“And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.” 1 Timothy 3:16

“But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.” Hebrews 1:8

2. Who is the only immutable Creator and Sustainer of all things?

JEHOVAH

“Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands. They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall have no end.” Psalm 102:25-27

“Thus saith the Lord, thy redeemer, and he that formed thee from the womb, I am the Lord that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens ALONE; that spreadeth abroad the earth BY MYSELF;” Isaiah 44:24

JESUS 

“The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made BY HIM him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. In him was life; and the life was the light of men…  He was in the world, and the world was made BY HIM, and the world knew him not.” John 1:2-4, 10

“who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature: for BY HIM were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created BY HIM, and FOR HIM: and he IS before all things, and BY HIM all things consist.” Colossians 1:15-17

“hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, BY WHOM also he made the worlds; who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high… And, Thou, Lord [the Son], in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of THINE HANDS: they shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; and as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.” Hebrews 1:2-3, 10-12 

3. Who is the only Savior that can save us from sins?

JEHOVAH

“Let Israel hope in the Lord: for with the Lord there is mercy, and with him is plenteous redemption. And he shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities.” Psalm 130:7-8

“I, even I, am the Lord; and beside me there is no saviour… I, even I, am he that blotteth out thy transgressions for mine own sake, and will not remember thy sins.” Isaiah 43:11, 25

“Yet I am the Lord thy God from the land of Egypt, and thou shalt know no god but me: for there is no saviour beside me.” Hosea 13:4

JESUS 

“And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins. Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.” Matthew 1:21-23

“And it came to pass on the morrow, that their rulers, and elders, and scribes, and Annas the high priest, and Caiaphas, and John, and Alexander, and as many as were of the kindred of the high priest, were gathered together at Jerusalem. And when they had set them in the midst, they asked, By what power, or by what name, have ye done this? Then Peter, filled with the Holy Ghost, said unto them, Ye rulers of the people, and elders of Israel, if we this day be examined of the good deed done to the impotent man, by what means he is made whole; be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead, even by him doth this man stand here before you whole. This is the stone which was set at nought of you builders, which is become the head of the corner. Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved. Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marvelled; and they took knowledge of them, that they had been with Jesus. And beholding the man which was healed standing with them, they could say nothing against it.” Acts 4:5-14

“This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief.” 1 Timothy 1:15

“and from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood, and hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.” Revelation 1:5-6 – cf. 5:9-10; 7:9-17

4. Who is the only One that is exalted above all creation as the Most High?

JEHOVAH 

“that men may know that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, art the most high over all the earth.” Psalm 83:18

“The lofty looks of man shall be humbled, and the haughtiness of men shall be bowed down, and the Lord alone shall be exalted in that day.” Isaiah 2:11

“And in that day shall ye say, Praise the Lord, call upon his name, declare his doings among the people, make mention that his name is exalted.” Isaiah 12:4

JESUS 

“And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven. … He that cometh from above is above all: he that is of the earth is earthly, and speaketh of the earth: he that cometh from heaven is above all.” John 3:13, 31

“Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name:” Philippians 2:9

“and what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power, which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places, far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come: and hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church, which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.” Ephesians 1:19-23

“The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ: who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him.” 1 Peter 3:22

5. Who is the Alpha and Omega, the Beginning and the End, and the First and the Last?

JEHOVAH 

“Thus saith the Lord the King of Israel, and his redeemer the Lord of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God.” Isaiah 44:6 – cf. 41:4; 48:12

“And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely. He that overcometh shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son.” Revelation 21:6-7

JESUS 

“Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ. I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet, saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea. And I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks; and in the midst of the seven candlesticks one like unto the Son of man, clothed with a garment down to the foot, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle. His head and his hairs were white like wool, as white as snow; and his eyes were as a flame of fire; and his feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice as the sound of many waters. And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword: and his countenance was as the sun shineth in his strength. And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last: I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.” Revelation 1:8-18 – cf. 2:8

And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star… He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly. Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.” Revelation 22:12-13, 16, 20-21

6. Who do we call on, pray to, and invoke? 

JEHOVAH  

Into thine hand I commit my spirit: thou hast redeemed me, O Lord God of truth.” Psalm 31:5

O thou that hearest prayer, unto thee shall all flesh come.” Psalm 65:2

“Exalt ye the Lord our God, and worship at his footstool; for he is holy. Moses and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among them that call upon his name; they called upon the Lord, and he answered them. He spake unto them in the cloudy pillar: they kept his testimonies, and the ordinance that he gave them.” Psalm 99:5-7

JESUS

“And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son. If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it.” John 14:13-14

“And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep.” Acts 7:59-60

“unto the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours:” 1 Corinthians 1:2

 7. At Whose Name will every knee bow and every tongue acknowledge?

JEHOVAH

“I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.” Isaiah 45:23

JESUS 

that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.” Philippians 2:10-11

“And EVERY CREATURE which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, AND UNTO THE LAMB for ever and ever. And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four and twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever.” Revelation 5:13-14

Even though we could provide a lot more examples showing how the NT ascribes to the Lord Jesus the very same characteristics, names, functions and worship which the Holy Bible attributes to Jehovah, this will have to suffice for now since we do not want to make the article any longer than it already is.

 

 

The Biblical Witness to the Deity of Christ Pt. 2

We continue https://answeringislamblog.wordpress.com/2017/07/26/the-biblical-witness-to-the-deity-of-christ-pt-1/ our discussion of the biblical evidence for the essential Godhood of the Lord Jesus.

POSSESSOR OF DIVINE ATTRIBUTES 

AND PERFORMER OF DIVINE DEEDS 

The NT depicts Jesus as possessing all of God’s essential attributes and carrying out specific divine functions, such as what we see in the following citation:

“When Jesus saw their faith, he said unto the sick of the palsy, Son, thy sins be forgiven thee. But there was certain of the scribes sitting there, and reasoning in their hearts, Why doth this man thus speak blasphemies? who can forgive sins but God only? And IMMEDIATELY when Jesus perceived in his spirit that they so reasoned within themselves, he said unto them, Why reason ye these things IN YOUR HEARTS? Whether is it easier to say to the sick of the palsy, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or to say, Arise, and take up thy bed, and walk? But that ye may know that the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (he saith to the sick of the palsy,) I say unto thee, Arise, and take up thy bed, and go thy way into thine house. And immediately he arose, took up the bed, and went forth before them all; insomuch that they were all amazed, and glorified God, saying, We never saw it on this fashion.” Mark 2:5-12

Here Jesus claims to be able to forgive sins, heal diseases, and know what people are thinking within themselves, divine functions and abilities which the OT Scriptures ascribe to God alone:

“Shall not God search this out? for he knoweth the secrets of the heart.” Psalm 44:21

“Bless the Lord, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits: Who forgiveth all thine iniquities; who healeth all thy diseases; Who redeemeth thy life from destruction; who crowneth thee with lovingkindness and tender mercies;” Psalm 103:2-4

“Then hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place, and forgive, and do, and give to every man according to his ways, whose heart thou knowest; (for thou, even thou only, knowest the hearts of all the children of men;)” 1 Kings 8:39 – cf. Isaiah 43:25; Daniel 9:9; Micah 7:18-19

Christ is also said to be omnipresent, and therefore able to personally fill all things with his spiritual presence:

“For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them.” Matthew 18:20 – cf. 28:20

“And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church, Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.” Ephesians 1:22-23

“But unto every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ. Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. (Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth? He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.)” Ephesians 4:7-10

Amazingly, Paul has taken the following OT text and applied it to Christ:

Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive: thou hast received gifts for men; yea, for the rebellious also, that the Lord God might dwell among them.” Psalm 68:18

The blessed Apostle identifies the Jehovah God whom the Psalter says ascended on high as the Lord Jesus Christ!

In fact, the Hebrew Bible is quite emphatic about Jehovah being the One who fills the entire creation with his divine presence:

“Am I a God at hand, saith the Lord, and not a God afar off? Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him? saith the Lord. Do not I fill heaven and earth? saith the Lord.” Jeremiah 23:23-24

Jesus further says that he is just as present with every single believer in the same sense, and to the same degree, that the Father is. The Lord even states this in the same context where he claims to be able to do whatever a person asks in his name!

“Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater works than these shall he do; because I go unto my Father. And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, THAT WILL I DO, that the Father may be glorified in the Son. If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I WILL DO IT… At that day ye shall know that I am in my Father, AND YE IN ME, AND I IN YOU. He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him. Judas saith unto him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that thou wilt manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world? Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and WE will come unto him, and make OUR abode with him.” John 14:12-14, 20-23

Christ explains that the reason why his disciples will be able to do a greater number of works than he had done while he was on earth is because he would be going to the Father. Once there, the risen Lord will be the One who will then empower his followers to do these miracles in his almighty name. Christ then says that he will love and manifest himself to anyone who truly loves him, and even take up his abode with that person along with God the Father.

Thus, Jesus is basically claiming to be omnipotent, omnipresent, and omniscient, all of which are attributes that belong to God alone.

Nor is this the only time where Jesus is said to possess such divine qualities:

“For the Father himself loveth you, because ye have loved me, and have believed that I came out from God. I came forth from the Father, and am come into the world: again, I leave the world, and go to the Father. His disciples said unto him, Lo, now speakest thou plainly, and speakest no proverb. Now are we sure that thou knowest all things, and needest not that any man should ask thee: by this we believe that thou camest forth from God. Jesus answered them, Do ye now believe?” John 16:27-31

The disciples came to the realization that Jesus knows everything and therefore didn’t need anyone to ask him questions in order to test his knowledge. Peter reiterates the point of the Lord knowing all things when, several weeks after Christ’s resurrection, the risen Lord asks him for the third time whether he actually loved him:

“He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.” John 21:17

Hence, Jesus was omniscient both before and after his resurrection, even though the Holy Bible tells us that it is God alone who knows all things:

“For if our heart condemn us, God is greater than our heart, and knoweth all things.” 1 John 3:20

Jesus will also come to judge every person and repay him/her for everything s/he has earned:

“For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works.” Matthew 16:27

“And unto the angel of the church in Thyatira write; These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire, and his feet are like fine brass; I know thy works, and charity, and service, and faith, and thy patience, and thy works; and the last to be more than the first… and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works.” Revelation 2:18-19, 23b – cf. 22:12, 20

Not only do these texts presuppose that Christ is omniscient and omnipotent, they also depict him as doing the very works which the OT teaches that Jehovah will actually do when he comes to judge and rule:

Behold, the Lord God will come with strong hand, and his arm shall rule for him: behold, his reward is with him, and his work before him.” Isaiah 40:10 – cf. 62:11

“I the Lord search the heart, I try the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings.” Jeremiah 17:10 – cf. 11:20; 29:23; Psalm 62:12; Proverbs 24:12

Finally, the inspired Scriptures teach that Jesus Christ is eternal or uncreated, as well as immutable or unchangeable in regards to his divine essence and attributes:

“But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.” Micah 5:2

According to Matthew’s Gospel, this prophecy was fulfilled when Jesus was born in Bethlehem:

Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem, Saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him. When Herod the king had heard these things, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he demanded of them where Christ should be born. And they said unto him, In Bethlehem of Judaea: for thus it is written by the prophet, And thou Bethlehem, in the land of Juda, art not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of thee shall come a Governor, that shall rule my people Israel.” Matthew 2:1-6 – cf. Luke 2:4-7

And:

“Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.” Hebrews 13:8 – cf. 1:10-12

Could the Holy Bible be any clearer that Jesus is Jehovah God Incarnate?

CO-EQUAL WITH THE FATHER

If Jesus is indeed Jehovah God who is personally distinct from the Father, who is also said to be Jehovah God, then we should expect that Christ and the Father would be co-equal in essence and glory.

Lo and behold, this is precisely what we learn from the pages of the inspired Scriptures:

“And therefore did the Jews persecute Jesus, and sought to slay him, because he had done these things on the sabbath day. But Jesus answered them, My Father worketh hitherto, and I work. Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the sabbath, but said also that God was his Father, making himself equal with God. Then answered Jesus and said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Father do: for what things soever he doeth, these also doeth the Son likewise. For the Father loveth the Son, and sheweth him all things that himself doeth: and he will shew him greater works than these, that ye may marvel. For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth them; even so the Son quickeneth whom he will. For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son: That all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. He that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which hath sent him. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life. Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear THE VOICE OF THE SON OF GOD: and they that hear shall live. For as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself; And hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man. Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear HIS VOIVE, And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.” John 5:16-29

In the above citation, Jesus says that he can do nothing of himself, meaning he cannot act independently and apart from the Father, but can only do whatever the Father does, which is an assertion that no mere creature can make. After all, no one can do the type of works which Jesus mentions unless s/he happens to be God Almighty.

Therefore, like the Father, the Lord has life within himself and can give it to whom he wants. Christ also raises the dead by the sound of his sovereign voice, judges everyone in order to determine their eternal destinies, and receives the same exact honor which the Father receives. And also like the Father, Jesus has the same divine authority to work and act on the Sabbath, something that is forbidden for anyone else.

Christ even refers to himself as the Son of Man, a title which he used more than any other to describe himself. The reason why this is significant is because Jesus was identifying himself as the Son of Man whom the prophet Daniel saw, the One who reigns forever and is to be worshiped by all the nations in the same way that God Most High is supposed to be worshiped:

“I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should SERVE him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.” Daniel 7:13-14

Now compare this with the following texts:

“And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall SERVE and obey him.” Daniel 7:27

“Sing unto God, sing praises to his name: extol him that rideth upon the heavens by his name Jah, and rejoice before him.” Psalm 68:4

“The Lord is slow to anger, and great in power, and will not at all acquit the wicked: the Lord hath his way in the whirlwind and in the storm, and the clouds are the dust of his feet.” Nahum 1:3

That Jesus was claiming to be this particular Son of Man can be easily demonstrated from the following passage:

“And the high priest stood up in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee? But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high priest asked him, and said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the Son of the Blessed? And Jesus said, I am: and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven. Then the high priest rent his clothes, and saith, What need we any further witnesses? Ye have heard the blasphemy: what think ye? And they all condemned him to be guilty of death.” Mark 14:60-64

By claiming to be the Son of Man of Daniel, the Lord was basically making himself out to be God since the particular figure whom the prophet wrote of and saw is a fully divine Person appearing as a man.

This now brings us to our final section.

WORSHIP 

Since Jesus is essentially co-equal with the Father, and therefore deserving of the same exact honors that the Father receives, it shouldn’t come as a surprise to see Christ being worshiped and prayed to as God.

For instance, Stephen prayed to Jesus to receive him into Christ’s heavenly presence as he was being martyred for the faith, and also asked the risen Lord not to hold this sin against his persecutors:

“And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep.” Acts 7:59-60

Amazingly, Stephen prayed to the risen Christ in the same manner that the OT saints prayed to Jehovah, and in a similar way that Jesus himself prayed to the Father while he was dying on the cross!

Into thine hand I commit my spirit: thou hast redeemed me, O Lord God of truth.” Psalm 31:5

“Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots… And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.” Luke 23:34, 46

The first Christians were also known for calling upon the name of the Lord Jesus in their worship,

“Unto the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both their’s and our’s:” 1 Corinthians 1:2

A practice which began among the Jewish followers of Jesus in Jerusalem, of all places!

“Then Ananias answered, Lord, I have heard by many of this man, how much evil he hath done to THY saints at Jerusalem: And here he hath authority from the chief priests to bind all that call on THY NAME. But the Lord said unto him, Go thy way: for he is a chosen vessel unto ME, to bear MY NAME before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of Israel: For I will shew him how great things he must suffer for MY NAME’S sake. And Ananias went his way, and entered into the house; and putting his hands on him said, Brother Saul, the Lord, even Jesus, that appeared unto thee in the way as thou camest, hath sent me, that thou mightest receive thy sight, and be filled with the Holy Ghost. And immediately there fell from his eyes as it had been scales: and he received sight forthwith, and arose, and was baptized. And when he had received meat, he was strengthened. Then was Saul certain days with the disciples which were at Damascus. And straightway he preached Christ in the synagogues, that he is the Son of God. But all that heard him were amazed, and said; Is not this he that destroyed them WHICH CALLED ON THIS NAME IN JERUSALEM, and came hither for that intent, that he might bring them bound unto the chief priests?” Acts 9:13-21 

This, again, is an act of worship which the OT reserves for God alone:

“And Abraham planted a grove in Beersheba, and called there on the name of the Lord, the everlasting God.” Genesis 21:33

“Exalt ye the Lord our God, and worship at his footstool; for he is holy. Moses and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among them that call upon his name; they called upon the Lord, and he answered them.” Psalm 99:5-6

“I will take the cup of salvation, and call upon the name of the Lord. O Lord, truly I am thy servant; I am thy servant, and the son of thine handmaid: thou hast loosed my bonds. I will offer to thee the sacrifice of thanksgiving, and will call upon the name of the Lord.” Psalm 116:13, 16-17 

Jesus is further worshiped by the entire angelic host, by every member of God’s heavenly council:

“And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.” Hebrews 1:6

“And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints. And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation; And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth. And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands; Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing.” Revelation 5:8-12

Once again, this is a worship which only God is supposed to receive:

“Thou, even thou, art Lord alone… and the host of heaven worshippeth thee.” Nehemiah 9:6

Bless the Lord, ye his angels, that excel in strength, that do his commandments, hearkening unto the voice of his word. Bless ye the Lord, all ye his hosts; ye ministers of his, that do his pleasure.” Psalm 103:20-21 – cf. Revelation 4:1-11

As if this wasn’t astonishing enough, the Scriptures even proclaim that every created thing worships (or shall worship) Christ in the same way they worship God! 

“That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.” Philippians 2:10-11

And EVERY CREATURE which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, AND UNTO THE LAMB for ever and ever. And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four and twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever.” Revelation 5:13-14 

This simply provides further confirmation that Jesus is not a creature, but the eternal Creator who is separate and distinct from the entire creation, and therefore worthy to receive praise and worship from all his creatures.

In other words, Jesus Christ is Jehovah God Almighty, even though he is personally distinct from both the Father and the Holy Spirit!

Amen! Come, Lord Jesus, come! We believe and confess that you are Jehovah God Incarnate, the eternal and beloved Son of the Father, who became man for our redemption. We love you, Risen Lord of Glory! Amen!

 

 

 

 

 

The Biblical Witness to the Deity of Christ Pt. 1

In these series of articles we will be providing verses from the Holy Bible which prove that Jesus Christ is Jehovah God Almighty in the flesh, being both God and Man at the same time.

GOD

Jesus is called God, and even THE God, in several passages of Holy Scripture.

For example, Jesus is the Mighty God who would be born as a child and reign on David’s throne forever:

“For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.” Isaiah 9:6-7 – cf. 10:20-21

Jesus is also THE God of heaven who has come to be with us till the end of this age:

“Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God (ho theos) with us.” Matthew 1:22-23

“Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. Amen.” Matthew 28:20

He is even THE God who does great things:

“Return to thine own house, and shew how great things God (ho theos) hath done unto thee. And he went his way, and published throughout the whole city how great things JESUS had done unto him.” Luke 8:39

Christ is further identified as the Word that is truly God in essence that became flesh,

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was GodAnd the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.” John 1:1, 14

Having eternally existed in the very form of God even before he became a man:

“Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.” Philippians 2:5-8

Finally, Jesus is the God that is eternally blessed and who reigns over all creation for ever and ever:

“Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever.” Amen.” Romans 9:5

“But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God (ho theos), is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.” Hebrews 1:8

This explains why the Apostle Thomas worshiped the risen Christ as his sovereign God, an act of worship which Jesus accepts and blesses as true saving faith:

“And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God (ho theos mou). Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.” John 20:28-29

IMMUTABLE CREATOR AND SUSTAINER 

The Holy Bible teaches that Jesus is the divine Agent of creation, the One whom the Father employed to personally create and sustain all things by his [the Son’s] powerful word:

 “All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. In him was life; and the life was the light of men… He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not.” John 1:3-4, 10

“and to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ:” Ephesians 3:9

“Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature: For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and FOR him: And he IS before all things, and by him all things consist.” Colossians 1:15-17

These texts basically ascribe to Christ all of the essential attributes of God, specifically uncreatedness/eternality, omnipotence, omniscience and omnipresence. In order for Christ to have created all the things which have come into being, and also be able to sustain the entire creation, he must have existed before creation. Yet if he existed before creation came into being then he cannot be a creature. Moreover, Christ must be powerful enough to be able to bring the entire creation into existence, as well as to oversee and sustain every aspect of it. However, such a power must be infinite, which only God possesses. And in order for him to be able to oversee the entire creation he must be omnipresent, meaning that creation must be ever present before him.

We will have more to say concerning Jesus’ omni-attributes a little later.

This next one is truly remarkable:

“Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his powerAnd, Thou, Lord [the Son], in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.” Hebrews 1:2-3a, 10-12

In the above citation, the inspired author of Hebrews quotes the following OT text which exalts Jehovah as the unchanging Creator and Sustainer,

“This shall be written for the generation to come: and the people which shall be created shall praise the Lord. For he hath looked down from the height of his sanctuary; from heaven did the Lord behold the earth; To hear the groaning of the prisoner; to loose those that are appointed to death; To declare the name of the Lord in Zion, and his praise in Jerusalem; When the people are gathered together, and the kingdoms, to serve the Lord. He weakened my strength in the way; he shortened my days. I said, O my God, take me not away in the midst of my days: thy years are throughout all generations. Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands. They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed: But thou art the same, and thy years shall have no end. The children of thy servants shall continue, and their seed shall be established before thee.” Psalm 102:18-28

And applied it to Christ, which means that Hebrews is identifying Jesus as Jehovah God!

But that’s not all that Hebrews says concerning Christ’s role as Creator:

“Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus; Who was faithful to him that appointed him, as also Moses was faithful in all his house. For this man was counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house. For every house is builded by some man; but he that built all things is God. And Moses verily was faithful in all his house, as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken after; But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.” Hebrews 3:1-6

The reason why Jesus is deserving of more honor than Moses is because he is the Son who is the builder of all things, including the household in which Moses operated as a faithful servant. Therefore, the builder has greater honor than the building. And yet since God is the builder of all things this means that Jesus is God Almighty!

In fact, the only way that the NT could even speak of Jesus as creating and sustaining all things is if they actually believed that he is Jehovah God in the flesh (even though he is not the Father or the Holy Spirit), since the Hebrew Scriptures are clear that Jehovah alone created and sustains everything:

“Thou, even thou, art Lord alone; thou hast made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, and all things that are therein, the seas, and all that is therein, and thou preservest them all; and the host of heaven worshippeth thee.” Nehemiah 9:6

“Which ALONE spreadeth out the heavens, and treadeth upon the waves of the sea.” Job 9:8

“Thus saith the Lord, thy redeemer, and he that formed thee from the womb, I am the Lord that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens ALONE; that spreadeth abroad the earth BY MYSELF;” Isaiah 44:24

“Hearken unto me, O Jacob and Israel, my called; I am he; I am the first, I also am the last. MINE HAND also hath laid the foundation of the earth, and MY RIGHT HAND hath spanned the heavens: when I call unto them, they stand up together.” Isaiah 48:12-13

Hence, the only way that Jesus could even be described as the unchanging Creator and Sustainer of all things is if the inspired authors were convinced that Christ is Jehovah God Incarnate (which he is)! 

This now brings me to the next section. 

LORD (JEHOVAH)

There are two specific ways in which the New Testament identifies Jesus as Jehovah. First, he is called Lord (kyrios in Greek) in contexts which are clearly meant to depict him as Jehovah God. That the term Lord can be used in this way shouldn’t surprise us since the Jews early on started to substitute the divine name with the Aramaic and Greek words for Lord in order to avoid violating the command which warns against using God’s holy name in vain (cf. Exodus 20:7). Thus, a Hebrew speaking Jew would have substituted the name Jehovah with Adonay. On the other hand, a Jew speaking Aramaic would have used Mare, whereas a Greek-speaking one would employ Kyrios instead.

To illustrate this point, notice the following OT citation:

“Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord (YHWH Elohenu Yhwh Echad): And thou shalt love the Lord (YHWH) thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.” Deuteronomy 6:4-5

The Hebrew text uses the divine name Jehovah, also known as the Tetragrammaton (“four letters,” i.e. yod heh vav heh [YHVH]). However, when the NT cites this verse it substitutes the divine name with the Greek word kyrios:

“And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord (kyrios) our God is one Lord (kyrios heis estin): And thou shalt love the Lord (kyrion) thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment.” Mark 12:29-30

This establishes that the word Lord could, and often was, used in place of the Hebrew Tetragrammaton to denote the God of Israel, and of all flesh, namely Jehovah.

With the foregoing in perspective, the NT remarkably singles out Jesus as the one Lord through whom all things came into existence and are kept together:

“But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ (heis kyrios ‘Iesous Christos), by whom are all things, and we by him.” 1 Corinthians 8:6 – cf. Ephesians 4:5

The reason why we say that this is rather remarkable is because the only way that Christ can be the one Lord by whom all things were made and continue to exist is if he is Jehovah, since he is the One whom the Hebrew Bible identifies as the one Lord that made all things (cf. Job 9:8; Isaiah 44:24).

The second manner in which the NT identifies Christ as Jehovah is by taking OT texts and themes, which refer to Jehovah, and applying them to Jesus.

For example, the Hebrew Scriptures speak of calling on the name of Jehovah in order to be saved:

“And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be delivered: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the Lord hath said, and in the remnant whom the Lord shall call.” Joel 2:32

A text that is used in the NT to exhort individuals to confess Jesus as Lord so that they may receive salvation:

That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed. For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him. For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.” Romans 10:9-13

The Psalmist tells the people to taste and see that Jehovah is good:

O taste and see that the Lord is good: blessed is the man that trusteth in him.” Psalm 34:8

A verse which Peter alludes to when reminding Christians of the grace of the Lord Jesus which they have tasted:

If so be ye have tasted that the Lord is gracious. To whom coming, as unto a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious, Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.” 1 Peter 2:3-5

And the Day of Jehovah that is mentioned throughout the OT,

“Alas for the day! for the day of the LORD is at hand, and as a destruction from the Almighty shall it come.” Joel 1:15

“Hold thy peace at the presence of the Lord God: for the day of the Lord is at hand: for the Lord hath prepared a sacrifice, he hath bid his guests. And it shall come to pass in the day of the Lord‘s sacrifice, that I will punish the princes, and the king’s children, and all such as are clothed with strange apparel. In the same day also will I punish all those that leap on the threshold, which fill their masters’ houses with violence and deceit… The great day of the Lord is near, it is near, and hasteth greatly, even the voice of the day of the Lord: the mighty man shall cry there bitterly. That day is a day of wrath, a day of trouble and distress, a day of wasteness and desolation, a day of darkness and gloominess, a day of clouds and thick darkness, A day of the trumpet and alarm against the fenced cities, and against the high towers. And I will bring distress upon men, that they shall walk like blind men, because they have sinned against the Lord: and their blood shall be poured out as dust, and their flesh as the dung. Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of the Lord‘s wrath; but the whole land shall be devoured by the fire of his jealousy: for he shall make even a speedy riddance of all them that dwell in the land.” Zephaniah 1:7-9, 14-18

Ends up becoming the Day of the Lord Jesus in the NT:

“So that ye come behind in no gift; waiting for the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ: Who shall also confirm you unto the end, that ye may be blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.” 1 Corinthians 1:7-8

“To deliver such an one unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.” 1 Corinthians 5:5

Moreover, Jehovah swears that every knee will bow and every tongue confess to him, in recognition of his being the only righteous God and Savior:

“Tell ye, and bring them near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? who hath told it from that time? have not I the Lord? and there is no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; there is none beside me. Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I am God, and there is none else. I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.” Isaiah 45:21-23

An event that will be fulfilled when every knee bends and every tongue confesses that Jesus is Lord to the glory of God the Father!

“Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.” Philippians 2:9-11

There is more, since the Jehovah who is said to rule forever as Lord of lords,

“O give thanks to the Lord of lords: for his mercy endureth for ever.” Psalm 136:3 – cf. Deuteronomy 10:17

“Thy kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and thy dominion endureth throughout all generations.” Psalm 145:13

Is now revealed to be the Lord Jesus in the NT:

“For so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.” 2 Peter 1:11

“These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful.” Revelation 17:14 – cf. 19:11-16

In fact, Jehovah is the First and the Last, the Alpha and the Omega, and the Beginning and the End,

“Thus saith the Lord the King of Israel, and his redeemer the Lord of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last, and beside me there is no God.” Isaiah 44:6 – cf. 48:12; 41:4

“And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely. He that overcometh shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son.” Revelation 21:6-7

Who, according to the NT, died and came back to life again, and shall be coming quickly:

“And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last: I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.” Revelation 1:17-18

“And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;” Revelation 2:8

And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last… He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly. Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.” Revelation 22:12-13, 20

Hence, Jesus is Jehovah God (even though he is not the Father or the Holy Spirit)!

With that said we are now ready to proceed to the second part of our analysis https://answeringislamblog.wordpress.com/2017/07/26/the-biblical-witness-to-the-deity-of-christ-pt-2/.