The Quran commands Muhammad and Muslims to believe in all of the Judeo-Christian Scriptures and the inspired emissaries mentioned therein, even those not explicitly named in the Islamic scripture:
O believers, believe in God and His Messenger and the Book He has sent down on His Messenger and the Book which He sent down before. Whoso disbelieves in God and His angels and His Books, and His Messengers, and the Last Day, has surely gone astray into far error. S. 4:136
We have revealed to thee as We revealed to Noah, and the Prophets after him, and We revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, Jesus and Job, Jonah and Aaron and Solomon, and We gave to David Psalms, and Messengers We have already told thee of before, and Messengers We have not told thee of; and unto Moses God spoke directly — S. 4:163-164
That is Our argument, which We bestowed upon Abraham as against his people. We raise up in degrees whom We will; surely thy Lord is All-wise, All-knowing. And We gave to him Isaac and Jacob — each one We guided, And Noah We guided before; and of his seed David and Solomon, Job and Joseph, Moses and Aaron — even so We recompense the good-doers — Zachariah and John, Jesus and Elias; each was of the righteous; Ishmael and Elisha, Jonah and Lot-each one We preferred above all beings; and of their fathers, and of their seed, and of their brethren; and We elected them, and We guided them to a straight path. That is God’s guidance; He guides by it whom He will of His servants; had they been idolaters, it would have failed them, the things they did. Those are they to whom We gave the Book, the Judgment, the Prophethood; so if these disbelieve in it, We have already entrusted it to a people who do not disbelieve in it. Those are they whom God has guided; so follow their guidance. Say: ‘I ask of you no wage for it; it is but a reminder unto all beings.’ They measured not God with His true measure when they said, ‘God has not sent down aught on any mortal.’ Say: ‘Who sent down the Book that Moses brought as a light and a guidance to men? You put it into parchments, revealing them, and hiding much; and you were taught that you knew not, you and your fathers.’ Say: ‘God.’ Then leave them alone, playing their game of plunging. This is a Book We have sent down, blessed and confirming that which was before it, and for thee to warn the Mother of Cities and those about her; and those who believe in the world to come believe in it, and watch over their prayers. S. 6:83-92
The Quran further exhorts Muhammad and his followers to make no distinction among any of the messengers and prophets:
Say you: ‘We believe in God, and in that which has been sent down on us and sent down on Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac and Jacob, and the Tribes, and that which was given to Moses and Jesus and the Prophets, of their Lord; we make no division between any of them, and to Him we surrender.’ S. 2:136
The Messenger believes in what was sent down to him from his Lord, and the believers; each one believes in God and His angels, and in His Books and His Messengers; we make no division between any one of His Messengers. They say, ‘We hear, and obey. Our Lord, grant us Thy forgiveness; unto Thee is the homecoming.’ 2:285
Say: ‘We believe in God, and that which has been sent down on us, and sent down on Abraham and Ishmael, Isaac and Jacob, and the Tribes, and in that which was given to Moses and Jesus, and the Prophets, of their Lord; we make no division between any of them, and to Him we surrender.’ S. 3:84
The foregoing may explain why Muhammad took this a step further and expressly prohibited his followers from saying he was better than the prophets, especially better than Moses and Jonah:
The Prophet said, “None has the right to say that I am better than Jonah bin Matta.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 127 https://www.searchtruth.com/book_display.php?book=60&translator=1&start=0&number=127)
Narrated Abu Huraira:
“A man from the Muslims and a man from the Jews quarreled, and the Muslim said, ‘By Him Who gave superiority to Muhammad over all the people!’ The Jew said, ‘By Him Who gave superiority to Moses over all the people!’ On that the Muslim lifted his hand and slapped the Jew. The Jew went to Allah’s Apostle and informed him of all that had happened between him and the Muslim. The Prophet said, ‘Do not give me superiority over Moses, for the people will fall unconscious on the Day of Resurrection, I will be the first to regain consciousness and behold, Moses will be standing there, holding the side of the Throne. I will not know whether he has been one of those who have fallen unconscious and then regained consciousness before me, or if he has been one of those exempted by Allah (from falling unconscious).’” (See Hadith No. 524, Vol. 8) (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 93, Number 564 https://www.searchtruth.com/book_display.php?book=93&translator=1&start=0&number=564)
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Once while a Jew was selling something, he was offered a price that he was not pleased with. So, he said, “No, by Him Who gave Moses superiority over all human beings!” Hearing him, an Ansari man got up and slapped him on the face and said, “You say: By Him Who Gave Moses superiority over all human beings although the Prophet (Muhammad) is present amongst us!” The Jew went to the Prophet and said, “O Abu-l-Qasim! I am under the assurance and contract of security, so what right does so-and-so have to slap me?” The Prophet asked the other, “Why have you slapped”. He told him the whole story. The Prophet became angry, till anger appeared on his face, and said, “Don’t give superiority to any prophet amongst Allah’s Prophets, for when the trumpet will be blown, everyone on the earth and in the heavens will become unconscious except those whom Allah will exempt. The trumpet will be blown for the second time and I will be the first to be resurrected to see Moses holding Allah’s Throne. I will not know whether the unconsciousness which Moses received on the Day of Tur has been sufficient for him, or has he got up before me. And I do not say that there is anybody who is better than Yunus bin Matta.” (Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 626 https://www.searchtruth.com/book_display.php?book=55&translator=1&start=0&number=626)
Here’s another version of the above report:
XXXV: The words of Allah Almighty, “Yunus too was one of the Messengers – to His words – The fish devoured him and he was to blame.” (37:139-148)
Mujahid said that “mulîm” means wrong-doing and “mashhûn” is full.
“Had it not been that he was a man who glorifies…” “We cast him up onto the beach” on the surface of the earth, “and he was sick, and We caused a gourd-tree to grow over him,” a plant without a stem which includes gourds and other similar plants. “We sent him to a hundred thousand or more. They believed, so We gave them enjoyment for a time.” (37:142:148)
“Do not be like the Companion of the Fish when he called out in absolute despair.” (68:48) “Kathîm” is “in grief”.
3231. It is related from ‘Abdullah that the Prophet said, “None of you should say ‘I am better than Yunus.'” Musaddad added, “Yunus ibn Matta.”
3232. It is related from Ibn ‘Abbas that the Prophet said, “It is not proper for a slave to say, ‘I am better than Yunus ibn Matta.'”
3233. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, “While a Jew was offering his goods for sale, he was offered something for them which he disliked, and he said, ‘No, by the One who chose Musa over mankind.’ A man of the Ansar heard him and got up and slapped his face. He said, ‘Do you say, “By the One who chose Musa over mankind,” when the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, is among us!’ So the Jew went to him and said, ‘Abu’l-Qasim! I have protection and a pledge, so what business does so-and-so have in slapping my face?’ He said, ‘Did you slap his face?’ He mentioned it to him and the Prophet became angry so that it could be seen in his face. Then he said, ‘Do not make preference between the Prophets of Allah. The Trumpet will be blown, and everyone who is in the heavens and everyone who is the earth will swoon, except whomever Allah wills. Then it will be blown a second time and I will be the first to be raised. There Musa will be holding to the Throne. I will not know whether his swooning on the Day of the Mount was enough or whether he was raised before me, and I do not say that anyone is better than Yunus ibn Matta.'” (Aisha Bewley, The Sahih Collection of al-Bukhari, Chapter 64. Book of the Prophets http://bewley.virtualave.net/bukhari26.html#prophets; underline emphasis mine)
And not only did Muhammad forbid people from saying he was better than Jonah, he even went as far as to condemn anyone that would say he was as a liar!
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, “Whoever says that I am better than Jonah bin Matta, is a liar.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 128 https://www.searchtruth.com/book_display.php?book=60&translator=1&start=0&number=128)
Muhammad’s War with His lord and himself
It seems that as time went by and Muhammad started to grow in power, his ego got the best of him since he started boasting about being the leader of mankind and the master of all the messengers. He even claimed that he would be the first one to be resurrected the first to intercede for others:
Sunan Ibn Majah
It was narrated from Abu Sa’eed that the Messenger of Allah said:
“I am the leader of the sons of Adam, and it is no boast. I will be the first one for whom the earth will be split open on the Day of Resurrection, and it is no boast. I will be the first to intercede and the first whose intercession will be accepted, and it is no boast. The banner of praise will be in my hand on the Day of Resurrection, and it is no boast.”
Grade: Sahih (Darussalam)
English reference: Vol. 5, Book 37, Hadith 4308
Arabic reference: Book 37, Hadith 4450 (sunnah.com https://sunnah.com/urn/1294110; underline emphasis mine)
Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah
The Prophet said, “I am the leader (qa’id) of the messengers, and this is no boast; I am the seal of the prophets, and this is no boast; and I shall be the first to make intercession and the first whose intercession is accepted, and this is no boast.”
Darimi transmitted it. (Al-Tirmidhi Hadith, Number 1519 http://www.alim.org/library/hadith/TIR/1519; underline emphasis mine)
As if this weren’t bad enough, Muhammad’s narcissism led him to believe that he alone would be allowed to stand at the right side of Allah’s throne!
Chapters on Virtues
Narrated Abu Hurairah [may Allah be pleased with him]: that the Messenger of Allah said: “I am the first for whom the earth will be split, and then I will be adorned with garments from the garments of Paradise. Then I will stand at the right of the Throne. No one from the creation will stand in that place other than I.”
Grade: SAHIH (Darussalam)
English reference: Vol. 1, Book 46, Hadith 3611
Arabic reference: Book 49, Hadith 3970 (sunnah.com https://sunnah.com/urn/634720; capital and underline emphasis mine)
As if Muhammad couldn’t be any more confused, and confusing, he is reported to have denied being the best of creation since he stated Abraham was actually the best!
Anas b. Malik reported that a person came to Allah’s Messenger and said: O the best of creation; thereupon Allah’s Messenger said: He is Ibrahim. (Sahih Muslim, Book 030, number 5841 https://www.searchtruth.com/book_display.php?book=030&translator=2&start=0&number=5841)
What are we to now make of all these confused and contradictory reports?
Did Muhammad comply with the orders of his deity by refusing to make a distinction among the messengers and prophets? Did he censure those who would place him on a higher level than God’s inspired emissaries, such as Moses and Jonah?
Or did he violate the express commands of his lord by ascribing to himself specific functions and roles, which not only place him high above the rest of creation but also put him on the same level with his own god?
Or did he make a distinction among the prophets by claiming that Abraham was the best of creation?
The One Whom Allah Has Preferred Above All Creation
Now even though Muhammad and his followers were prohibited from differentiating between the messengers and prophets by placing some on a higher plane than others, no such restriction is imposed upon Allah.
The Quran plainly states that Allah has made a clear distinction among his inspired agents by preferring some of them over others:
And thy Lord knows very well all who are in the heavens and the earth; and We have preferred some Prophets over others; and We gave to David Psalms. S. 17:55
The Islamic scripture testifies that the one individual that Allah has exalted over the rest is not Muhammad, but Christ!
This is why Jesus is the only One expressly mentioned in the very passage which speaks of Allah preferring some messengers above others and raising them in rank:
And those Messengers, some We have preferred above others; some there are to whom God spoke, and some He raised in rank. And We gave Jesus son of Mary the clear signs, and confirmed him with the Holy Spirit. And had God willed, those who came after him would not have fought one against the other after the clear signs had come to them; but they fell into variance, and some of them believed, and some disbelieved; and had God willed they would not have fought one against the other; but God does whatsoever He desires. S. 2:253
This isn’t the only passage which associates Jesus with the Holy Spirit:
And We gave to Moses the Book, and after him sent succeeding Messengers; and We gave Jesus son of Mary the clear signs, and confirmed him with the Holy Spirit; and whensoever there came to you a Messenger with that your souls had not desire for, did you become arrogant, and some cry lies to, and some slay? S. 2:87
And here are some of the varied functions and characteristics that are ascribed to Christ alone.
Christ’s maternal family are preferred above all creation:
Say: ‘Obey God, and the Messenger.’ But if they turn their backs, God loves not the unbelievers. God chose Adam and Noah and the House of Abraham and the House of Imran above all beings, the seed of one another; God hears, and knows. When the wife of Imran said, ‘Lord, I have vowed to Thee, in dedication, what is within my womb. Receive Thou this from me; Thou hearest, and knowest.’ And when she gave birth to her she said, ‘Lord, I have given birth to her, a female.’ (And God knew very well what she had given birth to; the male is not as the female.) ‘And I have named her Mary, and commend her to Thee with her seed, to protect them from the accursed Satan.’ Her Lord received the child with gracious favour, and by His goodness she grew up comely, Zachariah taking charge of her. Whenever Zachariah went in to her in the Sanctuary, he found her provisioned. ‘Mary,’ he said, ‘how comes this to thee?’ ‘From God,’ she said. Truly God provisions whomsoever He will without reckoning… And when the angels said, ‘Mary, God has chosen thee, and purified thee; He has chosen thee above all women. S. 3:32-37, 42
Imran is supposed to be Mary’s father:
And Mary, Imran’s daughter, who guarded her virginity, so We breathed into her of Our Spirit, and she confirmed the Words of her Lord and His Books, and became one of the obedient. S. 66:12
According to the ahadith, Allah honored Jesus’ maternal grandmother’s request to protect Mary and her Son from Satan, by making them the only human beings whom the devil could not touch upon their conceptions and births:
LX: ” I placed her and her children in Your safekeeping from the Accursed Shaytan.” (3:36)
4274. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet said, “There is no child born but that Shaytan touches him when he is born and he lets out a cry because Shaytan has touched him – except for Maryam and her son.” Then Abu Hurayra Said, “Recite if you wish, ‘I placed her and her children in Your safekeeping from the Accursed Shaytan.’(3:36)” (Aisha Bewley, The Sahih Collection of al-Bukhari, Chapter 68. Book of Tafsir https://bewley.virtualave.net/bukhari30.html; underline emphasis mine)
“… ‘And I have named her Mary and commend her to You with her seed her children to protect them from the accursed the outcast Satan’. In a hadīth it is stated ‘Every new-born is touched by Satan and begins life by crying except for Mary and her son’ as reported by the two Shaykhs Bukhārī and Muslim.” (Tafsir al-Jalalayn, https://www.altafsir.com/Tafasir.asp?tMadhNo=0&tTafsirNo=74&tSoraNo=3&tAyahNo=36&tDisplay=yes&UserProfile=0&LanguageId=2; bold emphasis mine)
This explains why Christ and his glorious mother are absolutely pure and holy from their conceptions, being a miraculous sign and mercy for all creatures:
He said, ‘I am but a messenger come from thy Lord, to give thee a boy most pure. She said, ‘How shall I have a son whom no mortal has touched, neither have I been unchaste?’ He said, ‘Even so thy Lord has said: “Easy is that for Me; and that We may appoint him a sign unto men and a mercy from Us; it is a thing decreed.”‘ So she conceived him, and withdrew with him to a distant place. S. 19:19-22
And she who guarded her virginity, so We breathed into her of Our spirit and appointed her and her son to be a sign unto all beings. S. 21:91
And not only is Jesus’ blessed mother said to be absolutely pure and chosen above all women, she is the only woman that the Quran mentions by name and who has an entire chapter named in her honor, e.g., Surah al-Maryam (“the chapter of Mary” [Chapter 19])!
The Quran further singles out Jesus by calling him the Word of Allah and a Spirit from him whom Allah sent into Mary,
People of the Book, go not beyond the bounds in your religion, and say not as to God but the truth. The Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, was only the Messenger of God, and His Word that He committed to Mary, and a Spirit from Him. So believe in God and His Messengers, and say not, ‘Three.’ Refrain; better is it for you. God is only One God. Glory be to Him — That He should have a son! To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth; God suffices for a guardian. S. 4:171
And by attributing miracles to him, which are only ascribed to Allah, such as creating a bird from clay and breathing life into it, and raising the dead:
When the angels said, ‘Mary, God gives thee good tidings of a Word from Him whose name is Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary; high honoured shall he be in this world and the next, near stationed to God… and righteous he shall be.’ ‘Lord,’ said Mary, ‘how shall I have a son seeing no mortal has touched me?’ ‘Even so,’ God said, ‘God creates what He will. When He decrees a thing He does but say to it “Be,” and it is. And He will teach him the Book, the Wisdom, the Torah, the Gospel, to be a Messenger to the Children of Israel saying, “I have come to you with a sign from your Lord. I will create for you out of clay as the likeness of a bird; then I will breathe into it, and it will be a bird, by the leave of God. I will also heal the blind and the leper, and bring to life the dead, by the leave of God. I will inform you too of what things you eat, and what you treasure up in your houses. Surely in that is a sign for you, if you are believers. S. 3:45-49
Jesus creates in the exact same manner that Allah created the first man, i.e., by fashioning him from clay and breathing his spirit into him in order to make him a living being:
When thy Lord said to the angels, ‘See, I am creating a mortal of a clay. When I have shaped him, and breathed My spirit in him, fall you down, bowing before him!’ S. 38:71-72
The Quran even has Jesus speaking from the cradle, as an infant, where he recounts some of the favors Allah has conferred upon him, such as being blessed throughout his whole life:
“He shall speak to men in the cradle…” S. 3:46
When God said, ‘Jesus Son of Mary, remember My blessing upon thee and upon thy mother, when I confirmed thee with the Holy Spirit, to speak to men in the cradle, and of age; and when I taught thee the Book, the Wisdom, the Torah, the Gospel; and when thou createst out of clay, by My leave, as the likeness of a bird, and thou breathest into it, and it is a bird, by My leave; and thou healest the blind and the leper by My leave, and thou bringest the dead forth by My leave; and when restrained from thee the Children of Israel when thou camest unto them with the clear signs, and the unbelievers among them said, “This is nothing but sorcery manifest.” S. 5:110
Then she brought the child to her folk carrying him; and they said, ‘Mary, thou hast surely committed a monstrous thing! Sister of Aaron, thy father was not a wicked man, nor was thy mother a woman unchaste.’ Mary pointed to the child then; but they said, ‘How shall we speak to one who is still in the cradle, a little child?’ He said, ‘Lo, I am God’s servant; God has given me the Book, and made me a Prophet. Blessed He has made me, wherever I may be; and He has enjoined me to pray, and to give the alms, so long as I live, and likewise to cherish my mother; He has not made me arrogant, unprosperous. Peace be upon me, the day I was born, and the day I die, and the day I am raised up alive!’ That is Jesus, son of Mary, in word of truth, concerning which they are doubting. S. 19:27-34
Moreover, Christ is the only prophet/messenger who was physically taken to dwell alongside Allah,
When God said, ‘Jesus, I will take thee to Me and will raise thee to Me and I will purify thee of those who believe not. I will set thy followers above the unbelievers till the Resurrection Day. Then unto Me shall you return, and I will decide between you, as to what you were at variance on. S. 3:55
God raised him up to Him; God is All-mighty, All-wise. S. 4:158
And whose mother was also exalted to dwell on high!
and We made Mary’s son, and his mother, to be a sign, and gave them refuge upon a height, where was a hollow and a spring: S. 23:50
Such is the Islamic Jesus, a counterfeit whom Muhammad erected to mislead mankind from the true Christ. A counterfeit who, nonetheless, is greater than Muhammad and which exposes him as a fraud and an antichrist.
Does Allah Prefer or Does He Not? (https://answeringislamblog.wordpress.com/2020/04/04/does-allah-prefer-or-does-he-not/)