In this post I will show how the Holy Bible describes every living, breathing creature praising Jesus in the same way that Jah is praised, obviously because he is Jehovah God Almighty who became a human being. I will be using the 2013 revision of the New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures (Study Edition), unless noted otherwise.  

The Hebrew Scriptures depict Jehovah as being praiseworthy for having created and giving life to all creation:

“And the Levites Jeshʹu·a, Kadʹmi·el, Baʹni, Hash·ab·neiʹah, She·re·biʹah, Ho·diʹah, Sheb·a·niʹah, and Peth·a·hiʹah said: ‘Stand up and praise Jehovah your God throughout all eternity. And let them praise your glorious name, which is exalted above all blessing and praise. You alone are Jehovah; you made the heavens, yes, the heaven of the heavens and all their army, the earth and all that is on it, the seas and all that is in them. And you preserve all of them alive, and the army of the heavens are bowing down to you.” Nehemiah 9:5-6

“Praise Jah! Praise Jehovah from the heavens; Praise him in the heights. Praise him, all his angels. Praise him, all his army. Praise him, sun and moon. Praise him, all shining stars. Praise him, O highest heavens And waters above the heavens. Let them praise the name of Jehovah, For he commanded, and they were created. He keeps them established forever and ever; He has issued a decree that will not pass away.” Psalm 148:1-6

This is one reason why every breathing thing is exhorted to praise Jehovah, since they owe their existence to him who is the Creator and Sustainer of all creation:

“Praise Jah! Praise God in his holy place. Praise him in the expanse of his strength. Praise him for his mighty works. Praise him for his exceeding greatness. Praise him with the sounding of the horn. Praise him with the stringed instrument and the harp. Praise him with the tambourine and the circle dance. Praise him with strings and the flute. Praise him with ringing cymbals. Praise him with crashing cymbals. EVERY BREATHING THING—let it praise Jah. Praise Jah!” Psalm 150:1-5

Remarkably, the Christian Greek Scriptures teach that Jesus is worshiped in the exact same way that Jah is worshiped!

For instance, an [O]ld [T]estament text, which exhorts all of God’s angels to worship Jah, is attributed to the risen Christ:

“When he again brings in the firstborn into the world he says, ‘Let all the angels of God worship him.’ Deuteronomy 32:43 LXX” Hebrews 1:6 World English Bible (WEB)

Jesus even receives doxologies, i.e. ascriptions of praise, acknowledging Christ’s worthiness to receive everlasting glory and honor:

“I solemnly charge you before God and Christ Jesus, who is TO JUDGE the living and the dead, and by HIS manifestation and HIS Kingdom… From this time on, there is reserved for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, will give me as a reward in that day, yet not to me only, but also to all those who have loved HIS manifestation… In my first defense no one came to my side, but they all forsook me—may they not be held accountable. But the Lord stood near me and infused power into me, so that through me the preaching might be fully accomplished and all the nations might hear it; and I was rescued from the lion’s mouth. The Lord will rescue me from every wicked work and will save me for HIS heavenly Kingdom. To him be the glory forever and ever. Amen.” 2 Timothy 4:1, 8, 18

“No, but go on growing in the undeserved kindness and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To him be the glory both now and to the day of eternity. Amen.” 2 Peter 3:18

“and from Jesus Christ, ‘the Faithful Witness,’ ‘the firstborn from the dead,’ and ‘the Ruler of the kings of the earth.’ To him who loves us and who set us free from our sins by means of his own blood—and he made us to be a kingdom, priests to his God and Father—yes, to him be the glory and the might forever. Amen.” Revelation 1:5-6

As if this weren’t remarkable enough, the Apostle John sees a vision in which every created thing in the entire creation gives the Son of God the exact same worship given to the Father, and for the exact same duration:

“When he took the scroll, the four living creatures and the 24 elders fell down before the Lamb, and each one had a harp and golden bowls that were full of incense. (The incense means the prayers of the holy ones.) And they sing a new song, saying: ‘You are worthy to take the scroll and open its seals, for you were slaughtered and with your blood you bought people for God out of every tribe and tongue and people and nation, and you made them to be a kingdom and priests to our God, and they are to rule as kings over the earth.’ And I saw, and I heard a voice of many angels around the throne and the living creatures and the elders, and the number of them was myriads of myriads and thousands of thousands, and they were saying with a loud voice: ‘The Lamb who was slaughtered is worthy to receive the power and riches and wisdom and strength and honor and glory and blessing.’ And I heard EVERY CREATURE in heaven and on earth and underneath the earth and on the sea, AND ALL THE THINGS IN THEM, saying: ‘To the One sitting on the throne AND TO THE LAMB be the blessing and the honor and the glory and the might forever and ever.’ The four living creatures were saying: ‘Amen!’ and the elders fell down and worshipped.” Revelation 5:8-14

John literally exhausts the language to hammer the point of Christ being worshiped by the entire creation, which includes ever living breathing thing.

The fact that every creature in existence is depicted as worshiping the risen Jesus along with the Father proves that Christ is not a created being. Rather, he is like his Father in that he is uncreated by nature, having no beginning and ending to his existence. This in turn establishes that the Son is the very Jah whom the Psalter exhorted every breathing thing to praise.  

This brings me to my next point.

Like Jah in the OT, Jesus is described as the Creator and Sustainer who brought all creation into being, and who is actively preserving it:  

“This one was in the beginning with God. ALL THINGS came into existence through him, and apart from him not even one thing came into existence. What has come into existence by means of him was life, and the life was the light of menThe true light that gives light to every sort of man was about to come into the world. He was in the world, and the world came into existence through him, but the world did not know him… So the Word became flesh and resided among us, and we had a view of his glory, a glory such as belongs to an only-begotten son from a father; and he was full of divine favor and truth.” John 1:2-3, 9-10, 14

“For he has rescued us from the kingdom of darkness and transferred us into the Kingdom of his dear Son, who purchased our freedom and forgave our sins. Christ is the visible image of the invisible God. He existed before anything was created and is supreme over all creation, for through him God created everything in the heavenly realms and on earth. He made the things we can see and the things we can’t see—such as thrones, kingdoms, rulers, and authorities in the unseen world. Everything was created through him and for him. He existed before anything else, and he holds all creation together. Christ is also the head of the church, which is his body. He is the beginning, supreme over all who rise from the dead. So he is first in everything. For God in all his fullness was pleased to live in Christ, and through him God reconciled everything to himself. He made peace with everything in heaven and on earth by means of Christ’s blood on the cross.” Colossians 1:13-20 New Living Translation (NLV)

In fact, a Psalm which glorifies Jah for being the unchangeable Creator and Preserver of creation,

“A prayer of the oppressed one when he is in despair and pours out his concern before Jehovah. O Jehovah, hear my prayer; Let my cry for help reach you… But you remain forever, O Jehovah, And your fame will endure for all generations… Long ago you laid the foundations of the earth, And the heavens are the work of your hands. They will perish, but you will remain; Just like a garment they will all wear out. Just like clothing you will replace them, and they will pass away. But you are the same, and your years will never end.” Psalm 102:1, 12, 25-27

Is actually applied to Christ:

“Long ago God spoke to our forefathers by means of the prophets on many occasions and in many ways. Now at the end of these days he has spoken to us by means of a Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom he made the systems of things. He is the reflection of God’s glory and the exact representation of his very being, and he sustains all things by the word OF HIS POWER. And after he had made a purification for our sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high… But about the Son, he says: ‘God is your throne forever and ever, and the scepter of your Kingdom is the scepter of uprightness.’…  And: ‘At the beginning, O Lord [the Son], you laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the works of your hands. They will perish, but you will remain; and just like a garment, they will all wear out, and you will wrap them up just as a cloak, as a garment, and they will be changed. But you are the same, and your years will never come to an end.’” Hebrews 1:1-3, 8, 10-12

Here it is the Father himself who employs the words of the Psalter to glorify and praise his Son for being that very unchanging Jah who created and actively sustains the entire creation!

Another way in which Jesus perfectly resembles Jehovah is in respect to Jah being exalted as the Head or sovereign Ruler over all creation, from whom all spiritual blessings and riches flow:

“Then David praised Jehovah before the eyes of all the congregation. David said: ‘May you be praised, O Jehovah the God of Israel our father, throughout all eternity. Yours, O Jehovah, are the greatness and the mightiness and the beauty and the splendor and the majesty, for everything in the heavens and on the earth is yours. Yours is the kingdom, O Jehovah. You are the One exalting yourself as head over all. The riches and the glory are from you, and you rule over everything, and in your hand there are power and mightiness, and your hand is able to make great and to give strength to all. And now, O our God, we thank you and praise your beautiful name. And yet, who am I and who are my people that we should be in a position to make voluntary offerings like this? For everything is from you, and we have given to you what comes from your own hand.’” 1 Chronicles 29:10-14

“For you, O Jehovah, are the Most High over all the earth; You are exalted (hyperhypsosen) FAR ABOVE all other gods.” Psalm 97:9

“Let them praise the name of Jehovah, For his name alone is unreachably high.” Psalm 148:13

Now contrast this with the [N]ew [T]estament depiction of Christ as the sovereign Head over all things, being highly exalted far above every created thing in existence, and possessing the whole fullness of Deity in physical, bodily form:  

“Wherefore also God highly exalted (hyperhypsosen) him, and gave unto him the name which is above EVERY NAME; that in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven and things on earth and things under the earth, and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.” Philippians 2:9-11 American Standard Version (ASV)

“He has enlightened the eyes of your heart, so that you may know to what hope he called you, what glorious riches he holds as an inheritance for the holy ones, and how surpassing the greatness of his power is toward us believers. It is according to the operation of the mightiness of his strength, which he exercised toward Christ when he raised him up from the dead and seated him at his right hand in the heavenly places, FAR ABOVE EVERY government and authority and power and lordship and EVERY NAME that is named, not only in this system of things but also IN THAT TO COME. He also subjected ALL THINGS under his feet and made him head over ALL THINGS with regard to the congregation, which is his body, the fullness of him who fills up all things in all.” Ephesians 1:18-23

“For the entire fullness of God’s nature dwells bodily in Christ,and you have been filled by him, who is the head over EVERY ruler and authority.” Colossians 2:9-10 Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

We are even told that all spiritual blessings flow from Christ’s infinite riches which he lavishly bestows upon his spiritual Body, the Church:

“To me, a man less than the least of all holy ones, this undeserved kindness was given, so that I should declare to the nations the good news about the unfathomable riches of the Christ” Ephesians 3:8

“Now undeserved kindness was given to each one of us according to how the CHRIST measured out the free gift. For it says: ‘When HE ascended on high HE carried away captives; HE GAVE gifts in men.’ Now what does the expression ‘he ascended’ mean but that HE also descended into the lower regions, that is, the earth? The VERY ONE WHO descended is also THE ONE who ascended FAR ABOVEALL THE HEAVENS, so that HE might give fullness to all things. And HE gave some as apostles, some as prophets, some as evangelizers, some as shepherds and teachers,with a view to the readjustment of the holy ones, for ministerial work, to build up the body of the Christ, until we all attain to the oneness of the faith and of the accurate knowledge of the Son of God, to being a full-grown man, attaining the measure of stature that belongs to the fullness of the Christ. So we should no longer be children, tossed about as by waves and carried here and there by every wind of teaching by means of the trickery of men, by means of cunning in deceptive schemes. But speaking the truth, let us by love grow up in all things into him who is the head, Christ. From him all the body is harmoniously joined together and made to cooperate through every joint that gives what is needed. When each respective member functions properly, this contributes to the growth of the body as it builds itself up in love.” Ephesians 4:7-16

Remarkably, the blessed Apostle has quoted the following Psalm concerning Jah,

“You ascended on high; You carried away captives; You took gifts in the form of men, Yes, even stubborn ones, to reside among them, O Jah God.” Psalm 68:18

And attributed the language of the following OT text,

“‘Am I only a God nearby,’ declares Jehovah, ‘and not a God also from far away? Can any man hide in a concealed place where I cannot see him?’ declares Jehovah. ‘Do I not fill the heavens and the earth?’ declares Jehovah.’” Jeremiah 23:23-24

To the risen and exalted Christ, thereby identifying Jesus as that very Jah who ascended above the heavens to fill the whole creation with his spiritual Presence and riches!

And just as Jah is depicted as the One who hears the prayers of his people, the One to whom his servants would entrust their lives to and whose name alone they would call upon,   

“It was on that day that David first contributed a song of thanks to Jehovah through Aʹsaph and his brothers: ‘Give thanks to Jehovah, call on his name, Make his deeds known among the peoples! Sing to him, sing praises to him, Ponder over all his wonderful works.’” 1 Chronicles 16:7-9

Into your hand I entrust my spirit. You have redeemed me, O Jehovah, the God of truth.” Psalm 31:5

“Praise awaits you, O God, in Zion; We will pay our vows to you. O Hearer of prayer, to you people of all sorts will come.” Psalm 65:1-2

The risen Christ is also portrayed as the Object of prayers, being the very Lord in/of heaven whom believers would call upon and to Whom they would entrust their lives when facing tribulations and/or death:

“As they were stoning Stephen, he made this appeal: ‘Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.’” Acts 7:59

“There was a disciple named An·a·niʹash in Damascus, and the Lord said to him in a vision: ‘An·a·niʹas!’ He said: ‘Here I am, Lord.’ The Lord said to him: ‘Get up, go to the street called Straight, and look for a man named Saul, from Tarsus, at the house of Judas. For look! he is praying, and in a vision he has seen a man named An·a·niʹas come in and lay his hands on him so that he may recover sight.’ But An·a·niʹas answered: ‘Lord, I have heard from many about this man, about all the harm he did to YOUR holy ones in Jerusalem. And here he has authority from the chief priests to arrest all those calling on YOUR name.’ But the Lord said to him: ‘Go! because this man is a chosen vessel to ME to bear MY NAME to the nations as well as to kings and the sons of Israel. For I will show him plainly how many things he must suffer for MY name.’ So An·a·niʹas went and entered the house, and he laid his hands on him and said: ‘Saul, brother, the Lord Jesus, who appeared to you on the road along which you were coming, has sent me so that you may recover sight and be filled with holy spirit.’ And immediately, what looked like scales fell from his eyes, and he recovered his sight. He then got up and was baptized, and he ate some food and gained strength. He stayed for some days with the disciples in Damascus, and immediately in the synagogues he began to preach about Jesus, that this one is the Son of God. But all those hearing him were astonished and were saying: ‘Is this not the man who ravaged those in Jerusalem who call on THIS name? Did he not come here for the purpose of arresting them and taking them to the chief priests?’” Acts 9:10-21

“to the congregation of God that is in Corinth, to you who have been sanctified in union with Christ Jesus, called to be holy ones, together with all those everywhere who are calling on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, their Lord and ours:” 1 Corinthians 1:2

It is clear why the first disciples of Christ and their followers would do so.

They realized that the Son of God was no mere creature, but was in fact Jah Almighty himself who became a flesh and blood human being for their salvation, being one with his Father and the Holy Spirit in essence:   

“But the eleven disciples went into Galilee, unto the mountain where Jesus had appointed them. And when they saw him, they worshipped him; but some doubted. And Jesus came to them and spake unto them, saying, All authority hath been given unto me in heaven and on earth. Go ye therefore, and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them into the NAME of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit: teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I commanded you: and lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world.” Matthew 28:16-20 ASV

The foregoing helps us appreciate why Polycarp, the holy martyr and Bishop of Smyrna, who was a disciple of the Apostle John, could write that every breathing creature praises Jesus:

“Therefore prepare for action and serve (douleusate) God in fear” and truth, leaving behind the empty and meaningless talk and the error of the crowd, and “believing in him who raised” our Lord Jesus Christ “from the dead and gave him glory” and a throne at his right hand; to whom all things in heaven and on earth were subjected, WHOM EVERY BREATHING CREATURE SERVES (latreuei), who is coming as “Judge of the living and the dead,” for whose blood God will hold responsible those who disobey him. (The Epistle of Polycarp to the Philippians, Chapter 2, The Apostolic Fathers, Greek Texts And English Translations, edited and revised by Michael W. Holmes [Baker Books, Grand Rapids, MI 1999], pp. 207, 209; bold and capital emphasis mine)

Here is another translation:

Chapter 2. An exhortation to virtue

Wherefore, girding up your loins, 1 Peter 1:13; Ephesians 6:14 serve the Lord in fear and truth, as those who have forsaken the vain, empty talk and error of the multitude, and believed in Him who raised up our Lord Jesus Christ from the dead, and gave Him glory, 1 Peter 1:21 and a throne at His right hand. To Him all things 1 Peter 3:22; Philippians 2:10 in heaven and on earth are subject. Him every spirit serves. He comes as the Judge of the living and the dead. Acts 17:31 His blood will God require of those who do not believe in Him. But He who raised Him up from the dead will raise us up also, if we do His will, and walk in His commandments, and love what He loved, keeping ourselves from all unrighteousness, covetousness, love of money, evil speaking, false witness; not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing, 1 Peter 3:9 or blow for blow, or cursing for cursing, but being mindful of what the Lord said in His teaching: Judge not, that you be not judged; Matthew 7:1 forgive, and it shall be forgiven unto you; be merciful, that you may obtain mercy; Luke 6:36 with what measure you measure, it shall be measured to you again; Matthew 7:2; Luke 6:38 and once more, Blessed are the poor, and those that are persecuted for righteousness’ sake, for theirs is the kingdom of God. (Epistle to the Philippians)

He knew from his direct contact with the Holy Spirit-filled Apostles and the inspired Scriptures that this is the honor that Jesus deserves since he is Jehovah God Almighty who became Man for our redemption:

“What the Law was incapable of doing because it was weak through the flesh, God did by sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and concerning sin, condemning sin in the flesh,” Romans 8:3

“But when the full limit of the time arrived, God sent his Son, who was born of a woman and who was under law,that he might release by purchase those under law, so that we might receive the adoption as sons. Now because you are sons, God has sent the spirit of his Son into our hearts, and it cries out: ‘Abba, Father!’ So you are no longer a slave but a son; and if a son, then you are also an heir through God.” Galatians 4:4-7

Therefore, let every living breathing creature praise Jah Jesus forever and ever! Amen!


Does Jesus Receive Latreuo?

The New Testament on the Worship given to Jesus: Its Significance and Implications for the Deity of Christ

All the Nations will serve Him 

Jesus and Latreuo 

Is the Prophet Daniel Worshiped as God?

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